Jadassohn's disease II
A type of yellowish to orange or tan hairless plaquelike lesions, usually present at birth, most commonly occurring in the scalp or midfacial area, sometimes also affecting the trunk and limbs. Hyperpigmentation, hyperkeratosis, and neurological complications such as seizures and mental deficiency are usually present. Associated disorders may include esotropia, conjunctival lipodermoid lesions, corneal opacity, colobomas of the eyelids and choroid, hydrocephalus, cerebral cortical lesions, alopecia, coarctation of the aorta, ventricular septal defects, and nephroblastomas. There is a 10-15% associated risk of cutaneous carcinoma. Occurs in 0.3% of newborns. The aetiology is unknown.
Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein-Mims syndrome is entered as a separate entity under G. W. Schimmelpenning, German neurologist.
- J. Jadassohn:
Bemerkungen zur Histologie der systematisierten Naevi und über "Talgdrüsen-Naevi."
Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Berlin, 1895; 88: 355-394.