- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Harrison-Smyth syndrome

Synonyms

Subclavian steal syndrome, subclavian steal phenomenon.

Related people

Diversion of blood flow from the basilar artery to the subclavian artery due to occlusion of its proximal segment, resulting in cerebral ischemia.

Description

Diversion of blood flow from the basilar artery to the subclavian artery due to occlusion of its proximal segment, resulting  in cerebral ischemia. The symptoms include vertigo and/or presyncope following upper extremity exercise on the side of the occlusion. Absence of the pulse on the affected side, pain and numbness of the arm and and hand, headache, and hypotension are the additional symptoms. Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, vascular anomalies, injuries, tumors, and surgery are the principal causes.

Bibliography

R.Harrison:
The surgical anatomy of the arteries of the human body. Designed for the use
  of students in the dissecting room
.
  Dublin, Hodges & Smith. 2 volumes, 1824/1825.
  New edition 1829, 4th edition 1839.

A. W. Smyth:
Successful operation in a case of subclavian aneurysm.
  The New Orleans Medical Record, 1866, 1: 4.

L. Contorini:
The true story of the "Subclavian steal syndrome" or
  "Harrison and Smyth's syndrome"
.
  The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, Torino, 1973, 14 (4): 408-417.

V. Fischer:
• [A. subclavia-anonyma steal syndrome--Harrison--Smyth syndrome
  (author's transl)]. [Article in Slovak]
  Bratislavské lekàrske listy, Bratislava, May 1979, 71 (5): 546-553.

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