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Elschnig's theory

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A theory of the aetiology of ophthalmy. According to this theory, it is not a question of a particular infection, but of an anaphylactoid inflammation against the body’s own uvea tissue. Under certain conditions, uvea tissue damaged by trauma vil act as an antigen and subsequently occasion a sensibilisation of the body’s own uvea albumin. This causes an anaphylactic uveitis on the undamaged eye.


  • A. Elschnig:
    Studien zur sympatischen Ophthalmie.
    Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für Ophthalmologie, 1910, 76: 509-546.

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