Fontan's operation

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A palliative surgical procedure used in patients with complex congenital heart malformation.

Description

A palliative surgical procedure used in patients with complex congenital heart malformation. It involves diverting the venous blood from the right atrium to the pulmonary arteries without passing through the morphological right ventricle. It was initially described in 1971 as a surgical treatment for tricuspid atresia (Fontan-Kreutzer procedure or atriopulmonary anastomosis) but is now applied to various malformations and ventricular hypoplasias or single ventricle lesions.

We thank Martin Lehn for information submitted.

Bibliography

  • F. Fontan, E. Baudet:
    Surgical repair of tricuspid atresia. Thorax, 1971, 26: 240-248.
  • G. Kreutzer, E. Galindez, H. Bono, C. de Palma, J. Laura:
    An operation for the correction of tricuspid atresia.
    The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, St. Louis, October 1973, 66: 613-621.

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