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Lemierre's syndrome

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An acute medical condition characterized by anaerobic oropharyngeal infection leading to septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. The infectious agent is usually Fusobacterium necrophorum. The illness is often complicated by septic pulmonary emboli and distant metastatic infections. The syndrome occurred not infrequently in the preantibiotic era, and still occurs today, though uncommonly.

We thank Dr. Garry Sandison, Axel Martin, Richard Armstrong and Andrew Deibler for information submitted.


  • A. Lemierre:
    On certain septicaemias due to anaerobic organisms. The Lancet 1936, 1: 701-703.
    Lemierre described 20 cases.

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