Costen's syndrome

Synonyms

Mandibular joint neuralgia, temporomandibular arthrosis, temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome, temporomandibular joint and muscle pain syndrome, temporomandibular joint pain dysfunction syndrome, temporomandibular joint syndrome, temporomandibular neuralgia, temporomandibular pain and dysfunction syndrome, temporomandibular syndrome, TMJ dysfunction syndrome, TMJ pain dysfunction syndrome.

Related people

Temporomandibular pain and dysfunction syndrome.

Description

Costen described the syndrome as consisting of partial deafness, stuffy sensation in the ears (especially during eating), tinnitus, clicking and snapping of the temporomandibular joint, dizziness, headache, and burning pain in the ears, throat, and nose. Costen ascribed the symptoms to dental malocclusion.

Later investigators disprove Costen’s anatomical and clinical conclusions. According to later studies, the syndrome consists mainly of temporomandibular crepitation, decreased temporomandibular mobility, preauricular and auricular pain, pain on movement, headache, tenderness of the jaws on palpation, and, sometimes, head and nasopharyngeal symptoms.

Bibliography

  • J. B. Costen:
    A syndrome of ear and sinus symptoms dependent upon disturbed function of the temporomandibular joint.
    Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, St. Louis, 1934, 43: 1-15.
  • J. B. Costen:
    Neuralgias and ear symptoms associated with disturbed function of the temporomandibular joint.
    The Journal of the American Medical Association, 1936, 107: 252.
  • R. J. Gorlin, J. J. Pindborg, M. M. Cohen, Jr.:
    Syndromes of the head and neck.
    2nd edition, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1976, pp. 691-693.
  • Stanley Jablonski:
    Jablonski’s Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic diseases.
    Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida, 1991.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.