- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Harlequin's syndrome

Alternative eponyms

  • Harlequin fetus
  • Riecke's syndrome
  • Harlequin ichtyosis.

Synonyms

Ichthyosiform erythroderma, ichtyosis congenita, ichtyosis congenita gravis, ichtyosis congenita ichtyosis fetalis gravis, ichthyosis foetalis, intrauterine ichtyosis, keratoma malignum.

Related people

An autosomal recessive form of ichtyosis that is incompatible with extrauterine life.

Description

An autosomal recessive form of ichtyosis that is incompatible with extrauterine life. The child is born with abnormal skin which is divided into areas by deep red fissures, diamond-shaped plaques, up to 4-5 cm on one side, that resembles a thick horny armor. The affected infants are usually of low birth-weight and die within 1 week after birth. Aetiology unknown. Inheritance is autosomal recessive.

Bibliography

  • E. Seeligmann:
    De epidermis imprimis neonatorum desquamatione.
    Inaugural dissertation. Berlin, 1841.
    [Epidermal desquamation of the newborn.]
  • E. Riecke:
    Über Ichtyosis congenita.
    Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Berlin, 1900, 54: 289-340.
  • M. S. Thomson, C. P. G. Wakely:
    The harlequin fetus. The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the British Empire, London, 1921, 28: 190-203.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.