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Schwann's syndrome

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    A congenital syndrome marked by deafness, leukonychia and knuckle pads. Keratoderma plantaris and palmarsis may also occur. Etiology unknown. It is a familial hereditary syndrome, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. First described in 1963 by J. Schwann based on an extensive family. Syndrome delimited in anglo-saxon literature 1967 by Robert S. Bart and Robert E. Pumphrey.


    • J. Schwann:
      Keratosis palmaris et plantaris cum surditate congenita et leuconychia totali unguium.
      Dermatologica, Basel, 1963; 126: 335-353. Article in German.
      [Keratosis palmaris et plantaris with congenital deafness and total leukonychia.]
    • R. S. Bart, R. E. Pumphrey:
      Knuckle pads, leukonychia and deafness. A dominantly inherited syndrome.
      New England Journal of Medicine, Boston, January 1967, 276 (4): 202-207.

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