- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Castellani's disease

Alternative eponyms

  • Castellani's bronchitis
  • Castellani’s syndrome

Synonyms

Bronchial spireochaetosis, bronchite sanglante de Castellani, bronchitis with haemoptysis, bronchospirochaetosis, dermatosis populosa nigra, haemorrhagic bronchitis, malattia de Castellani.

Related people

A spirochaetosis occurring in blacks in the Tropics.

Description

A spirochaetosis occurring in blacks in the Tropics. (Jamaica and Central America). Onset at puberty, with symptoms similar to acute bronchitis. More frequent in black or dark brown females. Aetiology unknown. Autosomal dominant inheritance. Considered as a variant of seborrheic karatoses.

Bibliography

  • A. Castellani:
    Note on a peculiar form of hæmoptysis with presence of numerous spirochætæ in the expectoration. The Lancet, London, 1906, 1: 1384-1385.
  • A. Castellani:
    Note sur la "broncho-spirochetose" et les "bronchites mycosiques", affections simulant quelquefois la tuberculose pulmonaire.
    La Presse médicale, Paris, 1917, 25: 377-380.

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