- Lavy-Palmer-Merritt syndrome
Bizarre vertebral anomalies syndrome, costovertebral dysplasia, costovertebral segmentation anomalies syndrome, costovertebral syndrome, dysplasia spondylothoracica, hereditary malformation of the vertebral bodies, occipitofaciocervicothoraco-abdominodigital dysplasia, spondylocostal dysostosis, spondylocostal dysplasia, spondylothoracic dysplasia.
A syndrome of severe malformation of the spinal column and thoracic cage. Death from respiratory insufficiency occurs in infancy. Occurs in two types. Type 1 occurs most commonly in children of Puerto Rican ancestry and is inherited as an autosomal recessive. trait. Type 2 is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait and occurs mainly in white children, usually with nearly normal longevity.
We thank Joseph Constantin, France, for information submitted.
- S. Jarcho, P. M. Levin:
Hereditary malformation of the vertebral bodies.
Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, 1938, 62: 216-229.
- N. W. Lavy, C. G. Palmer, A. D. Merritt:
A syndrome of bizarre vertebral anomalies.
Journal of Pediatrics, St. Louis, 1966, 69: 1121-1125.
- A. Pérez-Comas, J. M. Garcia-Castro:
Occipito-facial-cervico-thoracic-abdomino-digital dysplasia: Jarcho-Levin syndrome of vertebral anomalies.
Journal of Pediatrics, St. Louis, 1974, 85: 388-391.