Heberden's nodes

Alternative eponyms

Related people

Hard nodules or bony swellings which develop around the distal interphalangeal joints.

Description

Hard nodules or bony swellings which develop around the distal interphalangeal joints. 2nd and 3rd finger most often affected, produced by calcific spurs of the articular cartilage at the base of the terminal phalanges in osteorthritis. More common in females; onset in middle life. Swelling at distal interphalangeal joints, which may develop unnoticed for years; or abrupt painful onset, with redness, paresthesia, and clumsiness. Followed by articular deformity and limitation of motion. When nodes are in juxtaphalangeal position, they are called Bouchards’s nodes. Sex-linked inheritance; dominant in females; recessive in males or secondary to trauma. They are regarded as a concomitant of degenerative osteo-arthropathy and are age-related.

More common in females; onset in middle life. Swelling at distal interphalangeal joints, which may develop unnoticed for years; or abrupt painful onset, with redness, paresthesia, and clumsiness. Followed by articular deformity and limitation of motion. When nodes are in juxtaphalangeal position, they are called Bouchards, nodes.

We thank Jim Schaefer for correcting an error.

Bibliography

  • W. Heberden:
    De nodis digitorum.
    In his: Commentarii de morborum historia et curatione. London, 1802 Commentaries on the History and Cure of Diseases.
    London, T. Payne, News-gate, 1802.
  • O. Rosenbach:
    Die Auftreibung der Endphalangen der Finger, eine bisher noch nicht beschriebene trophische Störung.
    Centralblatt für Nervenheilkunde; 1890, 13: 191-205.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.