- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Schiøtz' tonometer

Related people

Indentation tonometer, an instrument for measuring the intraocular pressure.

Description

Indentation tonometer, an instrument for measuring the intraocular pressure. The indentation tonometer measures the amount of corneal indentation that occurs when a given weight is placed on the cornea. The result is inversely proportional to the intraocular pressure and the actual pressure must be obtained from a table of values.

Schiøtz demonstrated his tonometer in The Norwegian Medical Society (Det norske medicinske Selskab) in 1905. It was soon used world wide and for the next half century the Schiøtz was generally accepted as a reliable means of measuring intraocular pressure.

We thank Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.

Bibliography

  • H. A. Schiøtz:
    Et nyt tonometer, tonometri.
    Norsk Magazin for Lægevidenskaben, Kristiania, 1905, 5th series, volume 3: 597-622. This is volume 66 in the continuous mumbering for this magazine.
  • H. A. Schiøtz:
    Archiv für Augenheilkunde, Wiesbaden,1905: 401-424.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.