- A dictionary of medical eponyms


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A genus of gram-negative, non-lactose-fermenting, non-motile, non-spore forming rod-shaped bacteria belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. It contains a number of species that cause digestive disturbance ranging from mild diarrhoea to severe and often fatal dysentery.


  • K. Shiga:
    Ueber den Dysenteriebazillus (Bacillus dysenteriae).
    Centralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde und Infektionskrankheiten, 1898, 24, Erste Abteilung: 817-828 + 870-874.
    Preliminary report in: Centralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde und Infektionskrankheiten, 1898, 23: 599-600.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

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An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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