A syndrome of unilateral and ipsilateral paralysis of the soft palate, vocal cord, sternocleidomastoid muscle, partial or total paralysis of the trapezius muscle, torticollis, and an inability to turn the head. It is caused by lesions of the nucleus ambiguus and nucleus accessorius, commonly due to an infarction or a tumour.
It is a variant of Jackson-MacKenzie syndrome. See under John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist, 1835-1911.
- A. Schmidt:
Casuistische Beiträge zur Nervenpathologie. II. Doppelseitige Accesoriuslähmung bei syringomyelie.
Deutsche medicinische Wochenschrift, Berlin, 1892, 18: 606-608.
What is an eponym?An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.
What is Whonamedit?Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.
Disclaimer:Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.