- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Dieulafoy's erosion

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Simple mucosal erosion or ulcer complicating pneumonia and causing upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. A single bleeding point consists of a bare artery located in the folds of the upper third of the stomach. Possibly caused by overproduction of adrenal steroid hormones.

It was first described by M. T. Gallard in 1884. Dieulafoy described three of his own patients as well as four referred cases in 1898.


  • M. T. Gallard:
    Aneurysmes miliaires de l’estomac, donnant lieu a des hematemeses mortelles.
    Bulletin et mémoires de la Société médicale des hôpitaux de Paris, 1884, 1: 84-91.
  • G. Dieulafoy:
    Exulceratio simplex: Leçons 1-3. In: G. Dieulafoy, editor: Clinique medicale de l'Hotel Dieu de Paris. Paris, Masson et Cie: 1898:1-38. Exulceratio simplex: l'intervention chirurgicale dans les hematemeses foudroyantes consecutives a l'exulceration simple del'estomac.
    Bulletin de l'Académie de médecine, Paris, 1898, 39: 49-84. L’exulceratio simplex.
    In: Manuel de pathologie interne. Paris, Masson, 1908: 178-305.

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