Congenital diaphragmatic hernia due to failure of closure of the pleuroperitoneal hiatus (foramen of Bochdalek) which allows protrusion of abdominal viscera into the chest. It is five times more common on the left side than on the right. It is rare in adults but the most common form of hernia in infants.
- V. A. Bochdalek:
Einige Betrachtungen über die Entstehung des angeborenen Zwerchfellbruches als Beitrag zur pathologischen Anatomie der Hernien.
Vierteljahrsschrift für die praktische Heilkunde, Prag, 1848, 19: 89.
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