A relatively rare organism that causes bacillary dysentery.
It was first described by Schmitz in 1917 after observing a winter epidemic of diarrhoea in an eastern European prison camp during World War I. A. C. Evans in 1938 described outbreaks among patients in psychiatric hospitals in Wales.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.
- K. E. F. Schmitz:
Ein neuer Typus aus der Gruppe der Ruhrbazillen als Erreger einer grösseren Epidemie.
Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, Leipzig, 1917, 84: 449-515.
- A. C. Evans:
Dysentery due to Bacterium dysenteriae (Schmitz). The Lancet, 1938, 2:187-190.
What is an eponym?An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.
What is Whonamedit?Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.
Disclaimer:Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.