An occasionally occurring small duct lying parallel to the uterine tube, extending from the epoöphoron through the broad ligament to the vagina. It is a vestigial structure representing the persistent mesonephric duct, also known as the Wolffian duct. The remains of the Gartner's duct are present in the uterus, vagina and hymen up to third month of the intrauterine development, but the remains of the Gartner's duct are detectable in 1/4–1/3 of newborns, and its incidence is similar in adult women. Sometimes it is the origin of a cyst known as Gartner’s cyst.
We thank Zoran Bojanic, Serbia, for information submitted.
See also Wolffian canal, under Kaspar Friedrich Wolff, German anatomist, biologist, and embryologist, 1733-1794.
- H. T. Gartner:
Anatomisk Beskrivelse over et ved nogle Dyr-Arters Uterus undersøkt glanduløst Organ.
Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Naturvidenskabelige og Mathematiske Afhandlinger, 1822.