Trachoma. A contagious infection of the eyes, characterized by keratoconjunctivitis with pannus, papillary hypertrophy, follicles, and scarring, often leading to blindness. Initially there is photophobia, tears and blepharospasm. The disease occurs chiefly in Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean areas, where it is the single greatest cause of blindness. The causative agent is Chlamydia trachomatis. Both sexes affected
- C. F. von Arlt:
Ueber das Trachom.
Vierteljahresschrift für die praktische Heilkunde, Prag, 1848, 18: 41-68.
Die Krankheiten des Auges.
3 volumes, Prag, F. A. Credner & Kleinbub, 1851, 1853 and 1856.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.
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