- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Ewart's sign

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Typically localized pulmonary auscultation- and percussion phenomenon in large pericardial effusion, with dullness to percussion, increased fremitus and bronchial breathing. Between the vertebral column and the scapula, a blowing sound can be heard. This is generally heard on the left side, but can also be heard on the right. Due to compressive atelectasis by the large pericardial sac.

Bamberger is probably the German internist Heinrich von Bamberger (1822-1888), but we are not certain about this.


  • W. Ewart:
    Practical aids in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion, in connection with the question as to surgical treatment.
    British Medical Journal, London, 1896, 1: 717-721.

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