- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Westphal-Pilcz sign

Alternative eponyms

  • Gifford-Galassi reflex
  • Pilcz' sign
  • Pilcz' reflex
  • Piltz sign/reflex
  • Piltz-Westphal phenomenon
  • Westphal-Piltz syndrome

Related people

Constriction of both pupils when an effort is made to close eyelids that are forcibly held apart.

Description

Constriction of both pupils when an effort is made to close eyelids forcibly held apart. This type of pupillary reaction has been referred to as a syndrome inasmuch as the pupillary behaviour was originally considered to be characteristic of a neurosis or psychosis. Described by Galassi in 1887.

Bibliography

  • S. Galassi:
    Sopra un singolare fenomeno pupillare.
    Bullettino della Società Lancisiana degli Ospedali di Roma, 1887, 7: 173-177.
  • A. K. O. Westphal:
    Über ein bisher nicht beschriebenes Pupillephänomen.
    Neurologisches Zentralblatt, Leipzig, 1899, 18: 161-164.
    Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1913, 38: 1769.
  • J. Piltz:
    In: Neurologisches Zentralblatt, Leipzig, 1899, 18: 248. Weitere Mitteilungen über die beim energischen Lidschluss stattfindende Pupillenveränderung.
    Neurologisches Zentralblatt, Leipzig, 1900, 19: 837-848. Das vagotonische Pupillenphänomen, von Somogui.
    Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 1913, NR 33.
    Neurologisches Zentralblatt, Leipzig, 1914, 33: 1124.

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