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Buschke's disease I

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An obsolete eponym for cryptococcosis. A skin disorder prevalent in females, with onset at all ages, characterised by hard nonpitting oedema, usually preceded by a febrile disease such as streptococcal lymphadenitis days or weeks before. The process usually begins in the deep layers of the cutis on the posterior or lateral aspects of the neck and spreads to the face, anterior neck, shoulders, upper arms, and chest. The normal markings are smoothed out, giving the skin a shiny or waxy appearance, resulting in masklike facies. After a period of 1 to 6 months, the lesions disappear without sequelae.


  • A. Buschke:
    Ueber Sclerödem.
    Berliner klinische Wochenschrift, 1902, 39: 955-957.
    Archiv für Dermatologie und Syphilis, Wien, 1900, 53: 383-386.

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