- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Strümpell-Lorrain disease

Related people

A familial form of paraplegia characterized by spasticity – hypertonicity and weakness - limited mainly to the lower extremities. This is followed by involvement of upper limbs, dysarthria, and dysphagia. Degeneration of the pyramidal tract of the spinal cord and of the columns of Goll is the principal histological feature. Ocular complications may include strabismus, pupillary defects, macular degeneration, and optic atrophy. Occurs in either sex, but is more common in young males. This is a very rare disease, with a frequency of about 1 in 30.000 persons. It is most common in Nordic countries. Inheritance is autosomal recessive (usually), or sex-linked.


  • A. G. G. von Strümpell:
    Beiträge zur Pathologie des Rückenmarks.
    Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, Berlin, 1880, 10: 676-717.
  • M. Lorrain:
    Contribution à l’étude de la paraplégie spasmodique familiale.
    Thesis de Paris, 1898.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.