- A dictionary of medical eponyms


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A genus of gram negative, rod-shaped, facultatively aerobic intestinal bacteria belonging to the family of Enterobacteriaceae, group Escherichia. They ferment glucosis and lactosis and are common inhabitants of the alimentary canal of man and other animals. Normally non-pathogenic, but may cause diseased conditions, particularly in the urinary tract. Certain types of Escherichia may cause malign, infectious diarrhoea in children below the age of 1 year.


  • T. Escherich:
    Die Darmbakterien des Neugeborenen und Säuglings.
    Fortschritte der Medizin, München, 1885, 3: 515-522, 251-251, Die Darmbakterien des Säuglings und ihre Beziehungen zur Physiologie der Verdauung.
    Stuttgart, 1886.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

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Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


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This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.