A genus of gram negative, rod-shaped, facultatively aerobic intestinal bacteria belonging to the family of Enterobacteriaceae, group Escherichia. They ferment glucosis and lactosis and are common inhabitants of the alimentary canal of man and other animals. Normally non-pathogenic, but may cause diseased conditions, particularly in the urinary tract. Certain types of Escherichia may cause malign, infectious diarrhoea in children below the age of 1 year.
- T. Escherich:
Die Darmbakterien des Neugeborenen und Säuglings.
Fortschritte der Medizin, München, 1885, 3: 515-522, 251-251,
Die Darmbakterien des Säuglings und ihre Beziehungen zur Physiologie der Verdauung.
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