A syndrome characterised by dwarfing, adiposogenital dystrophy and optic atrophy. Due to decreased functioning of the anterior pituitary caused by a slow-growing tumour, usually a teratoma, pressing on the pituitary gland. Both sexes affected; age of onset variable. Etiology idiopathic. Autosomal recessive inheritance also well described.
Hanhart's syndrome, or idiopathic hypopituitary dwarfism, is a separate entity. See under Ernst Hanhart, Swiss internist and human geneticist, 1891-1973.
- H. Gilford:
Ateliosis: Form of dwarfism.
Practitioner, London, 1903, 70: 797-819.
- R. Burnier:
A new hypophyseal syndrome - hypophyseal nanism.
Annals of Ophthalmology, St. Louis, 1912, 21: 263-274.
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