A rare locally malignant tumor which is malignant in behaviour but whose pathology is relatively benign. Occurs predominantly in older males, most commonly seen on the buccal mucosa and lower gingiva. It is a slowly-growing, well-differentiated, verrucous tumor that tends to invade local structures, such as the mandible, soft tissues, and antrum. Generally, there are no distant metastases and local metastases are rare. Tobacco chewing is the principal etiological agent.
- L. V. Ackerman:
Verrucous carcinoma of the oral cavity.
Surgery, St. Louis, 1948, 23: 670-678.
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