- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Virchow's triad

Related people

Factors predisposing vascular thrombosis.
1. Changes in the vessel wall.
2. Changes in the pattern of blood flow (flow volume).
3. Changes in the constituents of blood (hypercoagulability).

This triad has been attributed to Rudolf Virchow. However, it is not what Virchow originally described, he did not believe that vessel wall injury was important in forming thrombosis. We thank Daniel J. Brotman, MD, for calling our attention to this question. Brotman is affiliated with the Department of General Internal medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.


  • R. L. K. Virchow:
    Gesammelte Abhandlungen zur wissenschaftlichen Medicin.
    Frankfurt am Main, Von Meidinger & Sohn, 1856.
    Contains: Thrombose und Embolie. Gefässentzündung und septische Infektion. Pages 219-732.
    English translation by A. C. Matzdorff and W. R. Bell: Thrombosis and Emboli. Canton, Massachusetts, Science History Publications, 1998. Die Cellularpathologie in ihrer Begründung auf physiologische und pathologische Gewebelehre. Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1858.
    English translation by F. Chance: Cellular Pathology. Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott, 1963.
  • D. J. Brotman, S. R. Deitcher, G. Y. Lip, et al:
    Virchow's triad revisited.
    Southern Medical Journal, Birmingham, Alabama, 2004, 97 (2): 213-214.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.