- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Engel-von Recklinghausen syndrome

Alternative eponyms

  • von Recklinhausen disease II
  • von Recklinghausen’s disease of bone

Related people

Now mostly historical term for a generalized rarefying bone disorder with skeletal deformation, seen in advanced hyperparathyroidism.

Description

Now mostly historical term for a generalized rarefying bone disorder with skeletal deformation, seen in advanced hyperparathyroidism. It is characterized by cysts or brown tumours in the form of deeply pigmented foci consisting of fibrous scarring of the bone with pseudocysts, haemorrhages, and collection of osteoclasts. There is arthralgia, fractures, bowing of long bones and often gross deformities of the spine and chest.

Bibliography

  • G. Engel:
    Über einen Fall von cystoider Entartung des ganzen Skelettes.
    Giessen, F. C. Pietsch, 1864.
  • F. D. von Recklinghausen:
    Demonstration von Knochen mit Tumor bildender Ostitis deformans.
    Tageblatt der Naturforschenden Versammlung 1889. Heidelberg, 1890, p 321. Die fibröse und deformirende Ostitis, die Osteomalacie und die osteoplastische Carcinose in ihren gegenseitigen Beziehungen.
    Festschrift für Rudolf Virchow. Georg Reimer Verlag; Berlin, 1891. Untersuchungen über Rachitis und Osteomalacie.
    Jena, G. Fischer, 1910.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.

Disclaimer:

Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.