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Villaret's syndrome

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A syndrome of ipsilateral paralysis of the ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and sometimes the seventh cranial nerves and the cervical sympathetic fibers.

Description

A syndrome of ipsilateral paralysis of the ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and sometimes the seventh cranial nerves and the cervical sympathetic fibers. The clinical manifestations include Horner's syndrome and paralysis of the soft palate, pharynx, and vocal cords. In some cases there also may be paralysis of the superior constrictors of the pharynx, numbness of the soft palate, fauces, and larynx, loss of taste of the posterior one third of the tongue, and paralysis of the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. It is caused by a lesion in the posterior retroparotid space.

See also Collet-Sicard syndrome.

Bibliography

  • M. Villaret:
    Le syndrome nerveux de l’espace rétro-parotidien postérieur.
    Revue neurologique, Paris, 1916, 23, part 1: 188-190.

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