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Vogt's cataract

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A congenital culeiform cataract including coralliform cataract (Nettleship's) marked by frostlike whitish scintillating opacities in the superficial layers of the embryonic nucleus. Variable degree of visual impairment. Etiology unknown. Probably transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait.

In 1922, using the slit-lamp, Vogt documented the features of the heritable cataract. The bluish colour of this lesion prompted the term "cerulean", which pertains to the sky, while the alternative descriptive name "frosted cataract" is derived from the appearance produced by concentric layers of opacities within the affected lens.


  • E. Nettleship:
    Seven new pedigrees of hereditary cataract.
    Transactions of the Ophthalmological Societies of the United Kingdom, 1909, 29: 188-211.
  • A. Vogt:
    Frühzeitiges Ergrauen der Zilien und Bemerkungen über den sogenannten plötzlichen Eintritt dieser Veränderung.
    Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 1906, 44: 228-242. Weitere Ergebnisse der Spaltlampenmikroskopie des vorderen Bulbusabschnittes (Cornea, Vorderkammer, Iris, vorderer Glaskörper, Conjunctive, Lidränder).
    Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für Ophthalmologie, 1921, 106: 63-103. Weitere Ergebnisse der Spaltlampenmikroskopie des vorderen Bulbusabschnittes. III. Angeborene und früh erworbene Linsenveränderungen.
    Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für Ophthalmologie, 1922, 107: 196-240.

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