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Harvey Williams Cushing - bibliography

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American neurosurgeon, born April 8, 1869, Cleveland, Ohio; died October 7, 1939, New Haven, Connecticut.


A full bibliography of Cushing’s publications was published anonymously by the Harvey Cushing Society in 1939. A reference copy is in the library of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, inscribed and presented by Harvey Cushing. It is entitled A Bibliography of the Writings of Harvey Cushing Prepared on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday April 8, 1939 by the Harvey Cushing Society. Attached to the RCS copy is a letter from John Fulton noting that the anonymous compilers were, in fact, Louise Eisenhardt, Madeline Stanton and John Fulton Himself.
  • A method of total extirpation of the Gasserian ganglion for trigeminal neuralgia, by a route through the temporal fossa and beneath the middle meningeal artery.
    Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, 1900, 34: 1035-1041.
  • On the avoidance of shock in major amputations by cocainization of large nerve-trunks preliminary to their division.
    Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, 1902, 36: 321-345.
  • Physiologische und anatomische Beobachtungen über den Einfluss von Hirnkompression auf den intercraniellen Kreislauf und über einige hiermit verwandte Erscheinungen.
    Mitteilungen aus den Grenzgebieten der Medizin und Chirurgie, Jena, 1902, 9 (4/5): 773-808.
  • On routine determination of arterial tension in operating room and clinic.
    Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 1903, 148: 250-256.
  • Pneumatic tourniquets: With special reference to their use in craniotomies.
    Medical News, 1904, 84: 577-580.
    First report of tourniquet with pneumatic pressure of measurable degree. This inflatable cuff was the forerunner of the modern technique used generally in surgery.
  • Concerning surgical intervention for the intracranial hemorrhages of the new-born.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Phildelphia,1905, 130: 563-581.
    Successful operative intervention in intracranial haemorrhage of the new-born.
  • The establishment of cerebral hernia as a decompressive measure for inaccessible brain tumors.
    Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Chicago, 1905, 1: 297-314.
  • Sexual infantilism with optic atrophy in cases of tumor affecting the hypophysis cerebri.
    Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Chicago, 1906, 33: 704-716.
  • Surgery of the head.
    In: Surgery, Its Principles and Practice, edited by William Williams Keen, 3: 17-276. Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, 1908.
    Cushing's first treatise on neurosurgery. “As a result of this detailed monograph, neurological surgery became almost at once recognized as a clear-cut field of surgical endeavour” (J. F. Fulton, Harvey Cushing [1947] 268).
  • Some aspects of the pathological physiology of intracranial tumors.
    Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 1909.
  • The functions of the pituitary body.
    American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Philadelphia, 1910, 139: 473-484.
  • The special field of neurological surgery: Five years later.
    Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, 1910, 21: 325-339.
  • The Pituitary Body and its Disorders. Clinical States produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebri.
    Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott, 1912.
    350 pages with 319 figures and detailed reports on 50 patients with endocrine disturbance of the gland. The textual matter, case histories, and illustrations in this pioneer work have scarcely been improved upon to this day. This landmark in endocrinology also includes Cushing’s pioneering method of operating on tumours of the pituitary.
  • Tumors of the Nervus Acusticus and the Syndrome of the Cerebello-pontile Angle.
    Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, and London, 1917. Reprinted 1963.
    This book consists primarily of detailed and well-illustrated case histories of patients with surgically challenging lesions of the brain stem. It reveals the carefully documented case histories Cushing kept and the self-discipline with which he worked.
  • A study of a series of wounds involving the brain and its enveloping structures.
    British Journal of Surgery, London, 1918, 5: 558-684.
  • The special field of neurological surgery after another interval.
    Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, Chicago, 1920, 4: 603-637.
  • The Life of Sir William Osler. 2 volumes. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1925.
  • Studies in Intracranial Physiology & Surgery. London, 1926.
    Cushing delivered the three papers in this book as the Cameron Prize Lectures at the University of Edinburgh in October 1925.
    The three lectures were:
    1. The third circulation and its channels.
    2. The pituitary gland as now known.
    3. Intracranial tumours and the surgeon.
    Very little is known about the founder of these lectures, Andrew Robertson Cameron. He was born in Torland, Aberdeenshire, and completed his medical studies at Edinburgh in 1861. He emigrated to Australia, settled in New South Wales, and died there in 1878.
  • A Classification of the Tumors of the Glioma Group on a Histogenic Basis with a Correlated Study of Prognosis. Written with Percival Bailey.
    Philadelphia, London and Montreal, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1926. 121 pages. With 108 illustrations.
    First German translation by A. Cammann: Die Gewebsverschiedenheiten der Hirngliome und ihre Bedeutung für die Prognose. Jena, Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1930.
  • The Meningiomas Arising from the Olfactory Grove and their Removal by the Aid of Electro-surgery. Glasgow, 1927.
  • Tumors Arising from the Blood-Vessels of the Brain: Angiomatous Malformations and Hemangioblastomas. With Percival Bailey.
    Springfield, Illinois and Baltimore, C.C.Thomas, 1928.
    This monograph contains the first extensive classification and description of angiomatous malformations and hemangioblastomas. The detailed and profusely illustrated case reports are, like all of Cushing's case reports, a course of instruction in themselves.
  • Electro-surgery as an aid to the removal of intracranial tumors. With a preliminary note on a new surgical-current generator by W. T. Bovie.
    Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Chicago, 1928, 47: 751-784.
    Bovie is the physicist Dr. William Bovie, who in 1926 worked with Cushing when the latter used the high-frequency current to remove a vascular myeloma invading the scalp.
  • Consecratio Medici and Other Papers. Essays, Boston, 1928.
  • The basophil adenomas of the pituitary body and their clinical manifestations (pituitary basophilism).
    Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, 1932; 50: 137.
  • Intracranial Tumors. Springfield, Illinois, C. C. Thomas, 1932.
    Cushing’s operating technique reduced the mortality rate dramatically in intracranial surgery. This was his last published report on the statistical results of brain tumours as a whole.
  • Papers Relating to the Pituitary Body, Hypothalamus and Parasympathetic Nervous System.
    Springield Illinois, C. C. Thomas, 1932.
    The four papers in this volume were "brought together for the convenience of those whom the general theme might interest." The papers had all been published elsewhere and were the basis for four different lectures Cushing had given in England, Canada and America during the years 1930 to 1932.
  • Intracranial Tumours; Notes upon a Series of Two Thousand Cases with Surgical-Mortality Percentages Pertaining Thereto.
    Springfield, Illinois, 1932.
    The material covered in this book formed the basis of a report Cushing made to the International Neurological Congress in Berne, Switzerland on September 1, 1931.
  • From a Surgeon’s Journal, 1915-1918. Boston, 1936.
  • Meningiomas. Their Classification, Regional Behaviour, Life History and Surgical End Results.
    With the collaboration of Louise Charlette Eisenhardt (1891-1967).
    Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas, 1938.
    Reprint in two volumes: New York, Hafner, 1962.
    "The present treatise was commenced in 1915 soon after the completion of his volume on the pituitary disorders, and it therefore represents nearly twenty-five years of work; by common consent it is regarded as Dr. Cushing's greatest clinical monograph. It is the embodiment of all the things he has stood for during his career as a clinician: his painstaking case records and photographs, his unusual artistic ability evident in his own numerous operative sketches, and his extraordinary knowledge of the day to day life of his patients" (Harvey Cushing Society).
    Dr. Eisenhardt, nurse, physician, brilliant neuropathologist, and devoted friend and colleague of Dr. Cushing, collaborated in the publication of the work, and her microphotographs easily support the classification used in this most exhaustive work on the subject of intracranial meningiomas.
  • Bibliography of Andreas Vesalius.
    1943. 2nd edition, Hamden, Connecticut, 1962. A third edition has later appeared.
  • The Harvey Cushing Collection of Books and Manuscripts.
    New York, Schuman’s, 1943.
    Catalogue, without annotations, of the books and manuscripts bequeathed by Cushing to the Historical Library in the Cushing/Whitney Medical Library at the Yale University School of Medicine. Harvey Cushing and E. C. Streeter edited a facsimile edition of Giovanni Battista (Giambattista) Canano’s (1515-1579) work Musculorum humani corporis picturata dissectio, first printed (probably) in Ferrara, 1541. Facsimile edition, Florence, 1925. With John Homans (1877-1954), Cushing was co-author of Samuel James Crowe’s (1883-1955) article Experimental hypophysectomy. Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, 1910, 21: 127-169. This book gave the first experimental evidence of the relationship between the pituitary and the reproductive system. See also:
  • H. Schloffer:
    Erfolgreiche Operation eines hypophysen Tumors auf nasalem Wege.
    Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 1907, 20: 621-624, 670-671, 1075-1078.
    Schloffer’s operation by the nasal route.
  • John F. Fulton:
    Harvey Cushing. A biography. Springfield, Illinois, C. C. Thomas, 1946.
  • R. M. Goldwyn:
    Bovie: The man and the machine.
    Annals of Plastic Surgery, Boston, 1979, 2: 135-153.
  • Jeremiah A Barondess:
    Cushing and Osler: The Evolution of a Friendship. Transactions and Studies of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 1985, 7: 79-112.
  • N. P. Hirsch, G. B. Smith:
    Harvey Cushing: his contribution to anaesthesia.
    Anesthesia and Analgesia, New York, 1986, 65: 288-293.
  • Peter M. Black, editor:
    Harvey Cushing at the Brigham.
    American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1993.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

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