- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Thomas Bartholin - bibliography

Related eponyms


Danish physician, naturalist, physiologist and anatomist, born October 20, 1616, Copenhagen; died December 4, 1680; Copenhagen.


  • Institutiones anatomicae.
    Leiden, 1641, 1645, 1651.
    Revised editions of his father's work.
  • De unicornu. Padua, 1645.
  • De lacteis thoracis in homine brutisque nuperrime observatis. Hafniae (Copenhagen), M. Martzan, 1652.
    Contains Bartholin’s discovery of the thoracic duct.
  • Vasa lymphatica nuper hafniae in animalibus inventa et hepatis exsequiae.
    Hafniae (Copenhagen), Petrus Hakius, 1653.
    Facsimile edition, 1916.
  • Vasa lymphatica in homine nuper inventa.
    Hafniae (Copenhagen), 1654.
  • Historarium anatomicarum rariorum centuria I-VI.
    Copenhagen, 1654-1661.
  • Historiarum anatomicarum rariorum centuria I et II.
    Amsterdam: Apud Johannem Henrici, 1654. 326 pagers.
    The first edition of was published in 1641. It was one of several of his collections containing descriptions and illustrations of anatomical anomalies (including a superb illustration of a horse-shoe kidney), monsters (i.e., human freaks), and normal structures, together with some brief case histories of unusual anatomical and clinical structures.
  • Anatomia.
    The Hague. Ex typographia Adriani Vlacq, 1655. 592 pages.
    This second edition contains the sixth edition of two letter of Johannes Walaeus, De motu chyli et sanguinis, which supports Harvey’s work. Bartholin has added a final chapter, ”De lacteis thoracicis et vasis lymphaticis,” on the thoracic system and lymphatic vessels.
  • Dispensarium hafniense. Copenhagen, 1658.
  • De nivis usu medico observationes variae. Accessit D. Erasmi Bartholini de figura nivis dissertatio.
    Written with Erasmus Bartholin (1625-1698).
    3 parts in one volume. Copenhagen: Typis Matthiase Godichii, sumptibus Petri aubold, 1661. 232 pages.
    Chapter XXII of this historically important book makes the first known mention of the use of mixtures of ice and snow for freezing to produce surgical anaesthesia. The author states that one Marco Aurelio Severino of Naples taught the technique to him. In order not to kill the tissues and cause gangrene, the ice-snow mixture was to be applied on the parts in narrow parallel lines. After a quarter of an hour, feeling would be deadened and the part could be cut without pain. This may be the first mention of such a technique since the time of Avicenna (Ibn Sina, 980-1037). The treatise on snow crystals, by Bartholin's younger brother, Erasmus, is the earliest publication on crystallography, and preceded Robert Boyle (1627-1691) on gems (1672) by eleven years. This interesting work also contains a list of Thomas Bartholin's works.
  • Cista medica hafniensis. Copenhagen, 1662.
  • De pulmonum substantia et motu. Copenhagen, 1663.
  • De insolitis partus humani viis. Copenhagen, 1664.
  • De medicina danorum domestica. Copenhagen, 1666.
  • De flammula cordis epistola. Copenhagen, 1667.
  • Orationes et dissertationes omnino varii argumenti.
    Copenhagen, 1668.
  • Carmina varii argumenti. Copenhagen, 1669.
  • De medicis poetis dissertatio. Hafinae, apud D. Paulli, 1669.
  • De bibliothecae incendio. Copenhagen, 1670.
  • De morbis biblicis miscellanea medica.
    2nd edition, Francofurti, D. Paulli, 1672.
    A study of the diseases mentioned in the bible.
  • Acta medica et philosophica. 1673-1680
  • Dispensatorium Danicum.
    Prescriptions published by Farmakopénævnet. Biographical:
  • August Hirsch (1817-1894), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • Maurice B. Strauss, editor:
    Familiar Medical Quotations. Boston, Little, Brown and Company (Inc), 1968.
  • C. D. O'Malley:
    Bartholin, Thomas. In: Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief: Dictionary of Scientific Biographies. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, 1970.
  • Heirs of Hippocrates. Friends of the University of Iowa Libraries. Iowas City, 1980. No author listed.
  • Richard Toellner:
    Illustrierte Geschichte der Medizin. Andreas & Andreas Verlag, Salzburg, 1990.
    Original French title: Histoire de la Médicine, de la Pharmacie, de l'Art Dentaire et de l'Art Vétérinaire. Paris 1978.
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton). Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.