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Alexis Carrel - bibliography

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French surgeon, biologist, and sociologist, born June 28, 1873, Sainte-Foy-les-Lyon, a village near Lyon; died November 5, 1944, Paris.


  • Le goître cancéreux. Lyon, 1900.
  • La technique opératoire des anastomoses vasculaires et la transplantation des viscères.
    Lyon médical, 1902, 98: 859-864. Carrel’s seam.
  • The transplantation of veins and organs.
    Written with Charles Claude Guthrie.
    American Medicine, Philadelphia, 1905, 10: 1101-1102.
  • The surgery of blood vessels, etc.
    Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, 1907, 18: 18-28. Carrel’s seam.
  • Transplantations in mass of the kidneys.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine, New York, 1908, 10: 98-140.
    It was in this paper that Carrel first described the practical application of his research in organ transplants, giving reports of his transplantation of the kidneys from one animal to another and the results of his experimentation.
  • Results of the transplantation of blood vessels, organs and limbs.
    Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, 1908, 51: 1662-1667.
  • Latent life of arteries.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1910, 12: 460-486.
  • Experimental surgery of the aorta and heart.
    Annals of Surgery, Philadelphia, 1910, 52: 83-95.
    Carrel attempted the direct placement of a bypass vessel in a dog.
  • Cultures de sarcome en dehors de l’organisme.
    Written with Montrose Thomas Burrows (1884-1947).
    Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de la Societe de Biologie, Paris, 1910, 69: 332-334.
    Using the Rous chicken sarcoma, Carrel and Burrows were the first to grow tumour tissue in vitro.
  • Rejuvenation of cultures of tissues.
    Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, 1911, 57: 1611.
  • Cultivation of tissues in vitro and its technique.
    Written with Montrose Thomas Burrows.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine, New York, 1911, 13: 387-196, 415-421.
  • A. Carrel, H. D. Dakin, Daufresne, Dehelly, Dumas:
    Traitement de l’infection des plaies.
    Bulletin de l’Académie de médecin, Paris, 1915, 3rd series; 74: 361-368.
    Carrel-Dakin treatment:
  • The treatment of infected wounds. With G. Dehelly. New York, 1917.
  • Man, the Unknown. New York, 1935.
  • L’homme, cet inconnu. 1936.
  • La Prière. Paris, 1944. Le Voyage à Lourdes. Paris, 1949 (posthumous).
  • Réflexions sur la vie. Paris, 1952. 8: Man, the Unknown.
  • Alexis Carrel and Charles Lindbergh,:
    The Culture of Organs. New York, Paul B. Hober, 1938.
    In this book, the authors describe the techniques employed in cultivation of whole organs placed in an organ chamber apparatus developed by Lindbergh. Works referred to, and on Alexis Carrel and his work etc.
  • François Maurice Victor Legallois:
    Expériences sur le principe de la vie notamment sur celui des mouvements du coeur etc. Paris, 1812.
  • Robert Soupault:
    Alexis Carrel, 1873-1944.
    Paris, 1952. In French. With a full bibliography.
  • David Le Voy, David Le Vay:
    Alexis Carrel : The Perfectibility of Man.
    Complete, 402 pages. Kabel Publishing, 1996.
  • Angelo M. May, Alice G. May:
    The Two Lions of Lyons. Kabel Publishing, 1992. Revised edition with introductions by Karl B. Absalon and Charles A. Hyfnagel, Kabel Publishing, 1994.
  • Edwards, W Sterling & Peter D Edwards:
    Alexis Carrel: Visionary Surgeon. Springfield Illinois, Charles C. Thomas, 1974.
  • Alfonso M. Moreno:
    Triunfo y ruina de una vida: Alexis Carrel. Madrid, 1961.
  • S. P. Harbison:
    Origins of vascular surgery: The Carrel-Guthrie letters.
    Surgery, St. Louis, 1962, 52: 406-418
  • Henriette Delaye-Didier-Delorme:
    Alexis Carrel, Humaniste Chrétien. Paris, 1964.
  • Joseph T. Durkin:
    Hope for our time: Alexis Carrel on Man and Society. New York, 1965.
  • George W. Corner:
    History of the Rockefeller Institute. New York, 1965.
  • James D. Newton:
    Uncommon Friends; Life With Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, Alexis Carrel And Charles Lindbergh. Harvest Books, 1989.
  • A. Scott Berg:
    Lindberg. New York, G. P Putnam & Sons, 1998. See also Mme. Carrel’s preface to Reflections on Life.

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