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Karl Ernst von Baer - bibliography

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Biography

Prussian-Estonian biologist, embryologist, anthropologist, and geographer, born February 29, 1792, Piep, near Jerwen, Estonia, Russian Empire; died November 28, 1876, Dorpat (Now Tartu), Estonia.

Bibliography

Works by Karl Ernst von Baer:
  • De morbis inter esthonos endemicis
    (On the diseases endemic among the Estonians).
    Doctoral thesis, Dorpati, 1814.
  • Ueber Entwicklungsgeschichte der Thiere: Beobachtung und Reflexion.
    Königsberg, Bornträger, 1828-1888. 2 volumes i 3. Volume 1, 271 pages, 1828.
    In response to demands by subscriber to the treatise, the publishers issued volume 2, 315 pages, in incomplete form in 1837. Last part of volume II, sometimes called volume 3, was added by Ludwig Stieda in 1888.
  • Vorlesungen über Anthropologie für den Selbstunterricht.
    Königsberg, 1824.
  • De ovi mammalium et hominis genesi. Epistola ad Academiam Imperialem Scientiarum Petropolitanam.
    Lipsiae, L. Vossius, 1827.
    German translation, edited by B. Ottow:
  • Ueber die Bildung des Eies der Säugetiere und des Menschen. Leipzig, 1927.
    English translation by C. D. O'Malley:
  • On the Genesis of the Ovum of Mammals and of Man; a letter to the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg. Isis, June 1956, 47: 117-153.
  • Beiträge zur Kenntniss der niedern Thiere. Mit 6 Kupfertaf.
    Nova Acta Leopoldina, 1827, XIII, N 2, S. 525-762.
    Fragments in English - Scientifical Memoirs, Nat History, 1855, 1.
  • Expédition à Novaia Zemlia et en Laponie. Thierisches Leben.
    Bull. sci., 1838, 3, S. 343-352; Ann. Berghaus, 1838, 3, VI, S. 20-28.
    English translation in Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 1840, 28, p. 93-103.
  • On the recent Russian Expeditions to Novaia Zemlia.
    Journal of the Geographical Society of London, 1838, 8, p. 411-415.
  • On the ground ice or frozen soil of Siberia.
    Journal of the Geographical Society of London, 1838, 8, p. 210-213.
    Athenaeum, 1838, N 540, p. 169.
    The American Journal of Sciences and Arts by B. Silliman (New Haven), 1839, 36, p. 210-212.
  • Recent intelligence of the frozen ground in Siberia.
    Journal of the Geographical Society of London, 1838, 8, p. 401-406.
    Athenaeum, 1838, N 565, p. 509.
  • Ueber das Klima von Sitcha und den Russischen Besitzungen an der Nordwestküste von Amerika überhaupt, nebst einer Untersuchung der Frage, welche Gegenstände des Landbaues in diesen Gegenden gedeihen können.
    Bull. sci., 1839, 5, S. 129-141, 146-152.
    Fragment in English in: Athenaeum 1839.
  • Sur la fréquence des orages dans les régions arctiques.
    Bull. sci., 1840, 6, pp. 66-73.
    English translation in Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, 1840, 29, p. 90-93.
  • Ueber die Bildung des Eies der Säugetiere und des menschen.
  • Crania selecta etc. Petropol, 1859.
  • Ueber Papuas und Alfuren.
  • Beiträge zur Kenntniss des russischen Reiches.
  • Caspische Studien (I-VI).
  • Reden, gehalten in wissenschaftlichen Versammlungen und kleinere Aufsätze vermischten Inhalts.
    3 volumes, Sankt Petersburg, 1864-1876.
    Volume 1, 1864, vi+296 pages, includes:
  • Das allgemeine Gesetz der Natur in aller Entwickelung.
    Pages 35-74.
  • Welche Auffassung der lebenden Natur ist die richtige? und wie ist diese Auffassung auf die Entomologie anzuwenden?
    Pages 237-284.
    Volume 2, 1876, xxv + 480 pages, includes:
  • Ueber den einfluss der äusseren Natur auf die socialen Verhältnisse der einzelnen Völker und die Geschichte der Menschen überhaupt. Pages 3-47.
  • Ueber den Zweck in den Vorgängen der Natur. Erste Hälfe. Ueber Zweckmässigkeit oder Zielstrebigkeit überhaupt.
    Pages 47-105.
  • Ueber Zielstrebigkeit in den organischen Körpern insbesondere. Pages 171-234.
  • Ueber Darwin's Lehre. Pages 235-480.
    Volume 3, 1873, xi + 385 pages.
    These three volumes, published at the end of von Baer's career, included lectures, studies from the realm of the natural sciences, and historical questions answered with the help of the natural sciences. Thomas Huxley greeted the partial publication of some of von Baer's earlier essays in English with the comment that von Baer's works demonstrated "the deepest and soundest philosophy of zoology, and indeed of biology generally, which has yet been given to the world."
  • Nachrichten über Leben und Schriften des Geheimrathes Dr. Karl Ernst von Baer, mitgetheilt von ihm selbst. Veröffentlicht bei Gelegenheit seines fünfzigjährigen Doctor-Jubiläums, am 29. August 1864, von der Ritterschaft Esthlands.
    St. Petersburg, printshop of the imperial academy of sciences, 1865. Privately distributed in 400 copies. Trade editions appeared under same title, St. Petersburg 1866.
  • A letter to Ch. Darwin of 5 May 1873. Dorpat (Tartu).
    The Darwin Papers, Manuscripts Room, Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, England, 160.
  • Nachrichten über Leben und Schriften.
    Autobiography. Canton (USA). Science History Publications. 1986, XIV+389 pages. Edited and with a preface by Prof Jane Oppenheimer. Translated by H. Schneider.
  • Peter des Grossen Verdienste um die Erweiterung der geographischen Kenntnisse.
    Treatise, Petersburg, 1872.
  • Homerische Localitäten in der Odys. Braunschweig, 1879.
  • Lebensgeschichte Cuviers.
    Republished by L. Stieda in Braunschewig, 1897. Other works:
  • F. von Wrangell:
    Russian America. Statistical and ethnographical information. /With additional material by Karl Ernst von Baer.
    Translated from the Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reiches und angränzenden Länder Asiens, 1839: 1: - Materials for the Study of Alaska History, 15. Wd. by R. A. Pierce. Kingston - Ontario: Limestone Press, 1980. XXII+204 p.
  • Fragments relating to Philosophical Zoology.
    Selected from the Works of K. E. von Baer. Scientific memoirs, natural history. Ed. by A. Henfrey and T.H. Huxley. London, 1853, 7, p. 176-238.
  • Karl Ernst Von Baer {1792-1876} Anton Dohrn {1840-1909} : Correspondence.
    Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol 83, Part 3, 1993) by Christiane Groeben (Editor) Works on Karl Ernst von Baer:
  • L. Stieda
    Karl Ernst von Baer.
    2nd ed. (1886). With extensive bibliography.
  • B.E. Raikov
    Karl Ernst von Baer. 1968. With extensive bibliography.
  • Jane Oppenheimer:
    Baer, Karl Ernst von, in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, vol. 1, 1970, Earlier works on embryology etc.
  • Regner de Graaf (1641-1673):
    De mulierum organis generationi inservientibus tractatus novus... Lugduni Batavorum, ex. off. Hackiana, 1672.
    De Graaf demonstrated ovulation anatomically, pathologically and experimentally. In this work he included the first account of the Graafian follicle.
  • Johann Friedrich Cassebohm, 1699?-1743:
    Tractatus quatuor anatomici de aure humana. Tractatus quintus anatomicus de aure humana. Cui accedit tractatus sextus de aure monstri humani.
    Halae Magdeburgi, sumtibus Orphanotrophei, 1734-1735.
    Cassebohm's studies of the embryonic ear far surpassed his predecessors, including Valsalva and Morgagni, and were not themselves surpassed until the work of Emil Huschke (1797-1858) and von Baer. See No. 1547.
  • Heinrich Christian Pander, Ignaz Döllinger, d'Alton (professor in Bonn):
    Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Hühnchens im Ei.
    Würzburg, 1817.
  • Caspar Friedrich Wolff, 1733-1794:
    Theoria generationis.
    Halae ad Salam, litt. Hendelianis, 1759.
    Wolff observed in great detail the early processes of embryonic differentiation. He disposed of the "preformation" theory, substituting his view that the organs are formed from leaf-like (blastodermic) layer. He thus laid the foundation of the "germ-layer" theory of Baer and Pander. His book includes descriptions of the "Wolffian bodies" and "Wolffian ducts". Reprinted 1966.
  • Charles Bonnet, 1720-1793:
    Considérations sur les corps organisés.
    2 volumes. Amsterdam, M. M. Rey, 1762.
    Bonnet's theory of generation offered the best synthesis of 18tch century ideas of development and remained a leading authority until von Baer. Bonnet believed in the preformation of the embryo. He used many of Albrecht von Haller's (1708-1777) arguments to support his own opinions. J. Needham
  • Heinrich Christian Pander, 1794-1865:
    Dissertatio sistens historiam metamorphoseos, quam ovum incubatum prioribus quinque diebus subit.
    Wirceburgi, T. E. Nitribitt, 1817.
    Pander's doctoral thesis in which he announced his discovery of the trilaminar structure of the chick blastoderm, which term he also coined. This discovery stimulated von Baer's research. Pander later paid for the publication of an illustrated German-language edition of the thesis. The original Latin edition has no illustrations.

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