- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis - bibliography

Related eponyms


Original name: Ignác Fülöp Semmelweis Hungarian physician, born July 1, 1818, Taban, Buda, Hungary, Austria-Hungary; died August 13, 1865, Wien.


Works by Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis:
  • Fall von sackartiger Ausbuchtung des schwangeren Gebärmutterhalses.
    Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift, 1857.
  • A gyermekagyi láz koroktana (“The Atiology of Childbed Fevers”), Orvosi hétilap, 1858; no. 1: 1-5; no. 2: 17-21; no. 5, 65-69; no. 6: 81-84; no. 21: 321-326; no. 22: 337-342; no. 23: 353-359. Semmelweis’ first first publications on his ideas.
  • Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers. Pest-Wien-Leipzig, 1861.
    Reprinted with a new introduction by A. F. Guttmacher. New York-London, 1966.
    Translated into English by F. R. Murphy as The Etiology, the Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever, in Medical Classics, 1941; 5: 350-773.
  • Zwei offene Briefe an Dr. Ed. Casp. Jac. von Siebold und an Dr. F. W. Scanzoni, Professoren der Geburtshilde.< Vienna, 1861.
    Rferring to Eduard Kaspar Jakob von Siebold (1801-1866) and Friedrich Wilhelm Scanzoni von Lichtenfels (1821-1891).
  • Zwei offene Briefe an Dr. J. Späth, Professor der Geburtshilfe an der k. k. Josephs-Akademie in Wien und an Hofrath Dr. F. W. Scanzoni, Professor der Geburtshilfe zu Würzburg.
    Vienna, 1861. Referring to Joseph Späth (1823-1896).
  • On the Origin and Prevention of Puerperal Fever.
    Medical Times and Gazette, London, 1862; 1: 601-602.
  • Gesammelte Werke.
    Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1905. Edited and partially translated from the Hungarian by T. Von Györi. Also contains papers and articles on Semmelweis by Hebra and Skoda.
    In 1903 the Hungarian Society for the Publication of Medical Works collected and published Semmelweis’ works in Hungarian while the Hungarian Academy simultaneously arranged for an edition of the collected writings in German: Semmelweis writings are listed in:
  • Medical Classics, 1941; 5: 340-341.
  • Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 1946; 20: 653-707. On Semmelweis and his work:
  • J. Magyary-Kossa:
    Ungarische Medizinische Erinnerungen. Budapest, 1935, pp. 284-194.
  • Viktor Robinson:
    Pathfinders in Medicine.
    1st edition, 1912, pp. 249-273; 2nd edition, 1929, pp. 623-647.
    Medical Review of Reviews, 1912, 18: 232-246.
  • H. O. Lancaster (Sydney, Australia):
    Semmelweis: a rereading of Die Aetiologie . . .
    Part I: Puerperal sepsis before 1845; Die Aetiologie.
    Journal of Medical Biography, London, February 1994; volume 2, No 1, pp 12-21.
    Part II: Medical historians and Semmelweis.
    Journal of Medical Biography, London, May 1994; volume 2, No. 2, pp 84-88.
  • S. B. Nuland:
    The enigma of Semmelweis – an interpretation.
    Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Oxford, 1979; 34: 255-272.
  • Alfred Hegar:
    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis. Sein Leben und Seine Lehre, Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Lehre der fieberhaften Wundkrankheiten.
    Freiburg-Tübingen, 1882. 18: Freiburg im Breisgau.
  • Fritz Schürer von Waldheim:
    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis, sein Leben und Wirken.
    Wien.Leipzig, 1905.
  • William J. Sinclair:
    Semmelweis, His Life and Doctrines. Manchester, 1909.
  • György Gortvay, Imre Zoltán:
    Semmelweis – His Life and Work.
    Originally published in Hungarian in 1965. Translated by E. Róna. Budapest, 1968.
  • E. Podach:
    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis. Berlin-Leipzig, 1947.
  • Henry E. Sigerist, in:
    The Great Doctors.
    Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul. Baltimore, 1933; chapter 41: 338-343.
  • Regöy-Mérei:
    The Pathological Reconstruction of Semmelweis’ Disease on the Basis of the Catamnestic Analysis of Paleopathological Examination.
    In: Orvostörteneti közlemények, 1970; no. 55-56: 65-92.
  • Benedek:
    The Illness and Death of Semmelweis. In: Orvostörteneti közlemények, 1970; no. 55-56: 103-113.
  • L. Madai:
    Semmelweis and Statistical Science. In: Orvostörteneti közlemények, 1970; no. 55-56: 157-174.
  • Erna Lesky:
    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis und die Wiener medizinische Schule.
    Sitzungsberichte der phil.-hist. Klasse der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften,
    Vienna, 1964; volume 245, 3. Abhandlung: 1-93.
    Summarized in:
    Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis, Legende und Historie.
    Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift, Stuttgart, 1972; 97: 627-632.
  • S. Fekete:
    Die Geburtsfilhe zur Zeit Semmelweis.
    Clio Medica, Amsterdam, 1970; 5: 35-44.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.