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Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia - bibliography

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Italian physician and anatomist, born ca. 1510, Regalbuto, near Palermo, Sicily; died November 6, 1580, Palermo, Sicily.


  • Iatroplologia etc. Venice, 1544, 1558.
  • Scholia in iatropologiam. Naples, 1549.
  • De tumoribus prater naturam, tomus primus. Naples, 1553.
  • Raggionamento fatto sopra l’infermità epidemica dell’ anno 1558. Palermo, 1560.
  • Trattato assai bello et utile dei doi mostri nati in Palermo in diversi tempi.
    Palermo, Giovanni Matteo Mayda, 1560.
    The value of this work consists in the reproduction of two Siamese twins, one of the few ancient representations of this type of twin births.
  • Constitutiones et capitula necnon jurisdictiones regii protomedicatus officii cum pandectis eiusdem reformatis. Palermo, 1564; 1567.
  • Quaestio de purgatione per medicamentum. . . . Illustrissimi ducis Terraenovae casus enarratio . . . . Quaestio utrum victus.
    4 parts in 1 volume. Venice: Sumptibus Angeli Patessii, 1568.
    In this collection of lesser works of Ingrassia appears the transcript of a letter from Vesalius to Ingrassia, a rare and little-known piece of Vesaliana which indicates that Vesalius was ahead of his time in surgical as well as in anatomical knowledge. During the spring of 1562, John, Duke of Terranova, suffered a penetrating wound of the left chest during a tournament. Under the care of Ingrassia, he failed to respond to treatment and developed a fistula with empyema. Ingrassia sought help and about eight months later Vesalius wrote a long letter of advice ("Consilium pro fistula"), in itself a treatise on his manner of therapy in empyema. In this letter, dated from Madrid, Christmas, 1562, he gives in detail the steps in the procedure, using surgical drainage instead of the usual cauterization. The patient recovered.
  • Quaestio de purgatione per medicamentum atque obiter etiam de sanguinis missione, an sexta die possit fieri. Venice, 1573.
  • Galeni ars medica. Venice, 1573.
  • De frigidae potu post medicamentum purgans epistola.
    Venice, 1575; Milano 1586.
  • Informazione del pestifero e contaggioso morbo il quale afligge et have afflicto la citta di Palermo . . . . nell’ anno 1575 e 1576. Palermo, 1576.

  • Methodus dandi relationes pro mutilatis torquendis aut a tortura excusandi, pro deformibus, venenalisque judicandis; pro elephantliacis, extra urbem propulsandis, sive intus urbem sequestrandis, vel fortassis publice conservari dimittendis.
    Venice 1578 and 1637. No copy has survived, but the manuscript itself is preserved in Palermo.
    According to one source, this book was not printed until 1914.

  • In Galeni librum de ossibus doctissima et expectatissima commentaria . . . Quibus appositus est Græcus Galeni contextus, una cum ... ejusdem Ingrassiæ in Latinum versione.
    Palermo, Giovanni Battista Maringo, 1603; Venice, 1604.
    Edited by the scholar Matteo Donia and Published by his grandson Biographical etc:
  • Hermann Josef Hohnerlein:
    Geschichte der Entdeckung der Gehörknöchelchen, insbesondere des Steigbügels.
    Tübinger dissertation, 1922, pp. 16-18, 22, 27 (machine typed).
  • August Hirsch (1817-1894), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • Harry Wain (1907-1970):
    The Story Behind the Word. Some Interesting Origins of Medical Terms.
    Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas, 1958.
  • Charles Donald O'Malley (1907–1970):
    Ingrassia, Giovanni Filippo.
    In: Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief: Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, 1970. Volume 7: 16-17.
  • Heirs of Hippocrates.
    Friends of the University of Iowa Libraries. Iowa City, 1980
  • Richard Toellner:
    Illustrierte Geschichte der Medizin. Andreas & Andreas Verlag, Salzburg, 1990.
    Original title: Histoire de la Médicine, de la Pharmacie, de l'Art Dentaire et de l'Art Vétérinaire. Paris 1978.
We thank Patrick Jucker-Kupper, Switzerland, for information submitted.

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