- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Guidi Guido - bibliography

Related eponyms


Florentine surgeon, anatomist and physician, born February 10, 1508, Florence; died May 26, 1569, Pisa. He is usually referred to under his Latin name: Vidus Vidius.


  • Chirurgia è Graeco in Latinum conversa.
    Paris, Petrus Galterius, 1544.
    When Guidi came to Paris, he brought with him a copy of a tenth-century Greek surgical manuscript as a gift for the French monarch. Under the patronage of the King, Guidi was able to complete his Latin translation and commentary on the manuscript and published the present work. In large part the book is a compilation of what was then known about treating wounds and fractures, particularly those conditions resulting from war wounds. Most of the book is devoted to Hippocrates' writings on ulcers, fistulas, and head wounds with Guidi's commentaries and observations, and Galen's commentaries on Hippocrates' works on fractures and joints. Also included are Galen's work on bandages as well as Oribasius' De laqueis and De machinamentis. It is thought that many of the sketches for the more than 200 woodcuts in the book came from the drawings of the Italian mannerist Francesco Primaticcio (1504-1570) who copied and partially redrew the Greek manuscript. This book is often considered to be the finest textbook of surgery to be printed in the sixteenth century, and the various instruments, bandages, orthopaedic machinery, and surgical procedures are beautifully illustrated.
  • De anatome corporis humani libri vii. Venetiis, apud Juntas, 1611. Biographical etc.
  • Vidus Vidius (1508–69). Medical History, April 1957, 1(2): 186-188.
  • August Hirsch (1817-1894), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton).
    Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.
  • R. S. Tubbs, E. G. Salter:
    Vidius Vidius (Guido Guidi): 1509-1569. Neurosurgery, July 2006, 59 (1): 201-213.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.