- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Ernst Axel Henrik Key - bibliography

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Swedish physician, born October 25, 1832, estate Johannisberg in Flisby socken, Jönköpings län; died December 27, 1901, Stockholm.


  • Om smaknervernes ändningssätt i grodtungan, jemte anmërkningar öfver nervernas likartade ändningssett i de øfriga høgre sinnesorganerna.
    Doctoral dissertation. Lund. Berlingska Boktryckeriet, 1861.
    [On the Mode of termination of the Gustatory Nerves on the Tongue of the Frog; with observations on a similar Mode of Termination of the Nerves in the Organs of higher Sense.]
  • Ueber die Endigungsweise der Geschmacksnerven in der Zunge Frosches. [Virchows] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin, Leipzig, 1861: 329-349.
  • Zur Anatomie der Milz. [Virchows] Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medicin, Berlin, 1861.
  • Om de s.k. tubularafgjutningarnes olika former och bildning vid sjukdomar i njurarne. Nordiskt medicinkst Arkiv, Stockholm, 1863.
  • Om Zirkulationsförhållandena i njurarna.
    Nordiskt medicinkst Arkiv, Stockholm, 1863.
  • Om aortaanevrismers återverkan på hjertat.
    Nordiskt medicinkst Arkiv, Stockholm, 1869.
  • Om det korrosiva magsårets uppkomst. Hygiea, Stockholm, 1870.
  • Experimentela undersökningar öfver inflammationen i hornhinnan.
    With Curt Wallis, 1845-1922.
    Nordiskt medicinskt Arkiv, Stockholm, volume 3, 1871.
    German translation:
  • Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Entzündung der Hornhaut. Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medicin, Berlin, 1872.
  • Studien in der Anatomie des Nervensystems und des Bindegewebes.
    Von Axel Key und Gust. Retzius.
    2 volumes. Stockholm, Samson & Wallin. 1875-1876.
    In this truly monumental work, Key and Retzius describe a number of very important discoveries and verifications concerning the structure of the nervous system, not the least of which is the confirmation of the existence of the foramen of Magendie. As a work of art and scientific accuracy, the two volumes of beautifully executed colored lithographs rank with the best atlases of any age. The authors accomplished their task while at the Karolinska Institut in Sweden. Retzius was a man of great industry and versatility, the author of some 333 scientific articles as well as several volumes of poetry.
    The authors were awarded a Monthyon-prize from the French Academy of Sciences (Institut de France) and became world famous. This work was an important fundament for the heroic era of neurologuy and neurosurgery that wassoon to emerge.
  • Om svulstmetastaser inom centrala nervsystemets serösa banon.
    Nordiskt medicinkst Arkiv, Stockholm, 1879.
  • Läroverkskomitens betänkande. III. Bilaga E till læreoverkscomitens uttalande och förslag. Stockholm, 1885.
    German translation: Schuhygienische Untersuchungen. Published by Leo Burgenstein, 1889.
  • Die Pubertätsentwicklung und das Verhältnis derselben zu den Krankheitserscheinungen der Schuljugend. Lecture given at the 2nd international medical meeting of the Xth congress. Berlin, 1890. Biographical etc.
  • August Hirsch (1817-1894), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • Heirs of Hippocrates.
    Friends of the University of Iowa Libraries. Iowa City, 1980
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton). Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.
  • Bengt Ljunggren and George W. Bruyn:
    The Nobel Prize in Medicine and the Karolinska Institutet. The Story of Axel Key and Alfred Nobel.
    Basel, S. Karger AG, 2002. 232 pages.
    Reviewed by Jens Astrup in Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, march 2003, 107 (3): 239–239.
  • Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia.

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