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Aldo Castellani - bibliography

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Italian pathologist and bacteriologist, born September 8, 1874, Florence; died October 3, 1971, Lisbon, Portugal.


  • On the discovery of a species of trypanosoma in the cerebrospinal fluid of cases of sleeping sickness.
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 1903, 71: 501-508.
  • On the presence of spirochaetes in two cases of ulcerated parangi (yaws).
    British Medical Journal, 1905, 2: 1280, 1330-1331, 1430.
    Castellani demonstrated in scraping of yaws tissue of a spirochaetes, T. pertenue, later found to be the causal organism. He thus finally established it as a distinct organism from the syphilis spirochaete. Preliminarry note in Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the British Medical Association. 1905, 2 (1): 54.
    Frederick Creighton Wellmann (1871-1960) discovered Treponema pertenue independently of Castellani:
  • On a spirochaete found in yaws papules.
    The Journal of Tropical Medicine, London, 1905, 8: 345.
  • Note on a peculiar form of hæmoptysis with presence of numerous spirochætæ in the expectoration. The Lancet, London, 1906, I, page 1384-1385.
  • Observations on the fungi found in tropical bronchomycosis.
    The Lancet, London, 1912; 1: 13-15.
  • Manual of tropical medicine. With Albert John Chalmers (1870-1920).
    London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1910. Third edition, 1919; fourth edition, 1927.
    The most authoritative book on the subject at the time.
  • Note on a certain protozoa-like bodies in a case of protracted fever with splenomegaly.
    The Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, London, 1914, 17: 113-114.
    Castellani was the first to suspect that toxoplasmosis could affect humans.
  • Note sur la "broncho-spirochetose" et les "bronchites mycosiques", affections simulant quelquefois la tuberculose pulmonaire.
    La Presse médicale, Paris, 1917, 25: 377-380.
  • The mycological detection and determination of certain carbohydrates and other carbon compounds in pathological work. With Frank E. Taylor.
    British Medical Journal, December 1917, 29: :855-857
  • Fungi and fungous diseases. Chicago, 1918.
  • Ricerca qualitativa degli zuccheri nelle urine ed in alcuni liquidi organici col metodo Castellani. Studium. Rivista di Scienza Medica 1921; 11:372-4.
  • Identification of Inulin by a Mycological Method. With Frank E. Taylor:
    The Biochemical Journal, London, 1922, 16: 655-658.
  • Observations on some diseases of Central America.
    The Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1925, 28: 1-14.
  • Climate and acclimatisation. London, 1930.
  • A note on a peculiar febrile hepatosplenomegaly with arthritis.
    The Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1935; 38: 229-230.
  • Manuale di clinica tropicale. With Igino Iacono. Torino, 1937. 999 pages.
  • Microbes, men and monarchs. A doctor’s life in many lands.
    London, Gollancz, Ltd, 1960.
  • Miscellaneous mycological notes. New York, New York Academy of Sciences, 1962. Biographical:
  • Isidor Fischer (1869-1943), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre.
    Berlin – Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1932.
  • Barry G. Firkin and Judith A. Whitworth:
    Dictionary of Medical Eponyms.
    The Parthenon Publishing Group. 1989. New edition in 2002.
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton).
    Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.
  • A. M. Memmersheimer:
    Aldo Castellani 1878-1971. Der Hautarzt, August 1972, 23 (8): 383-384.
  • J. Boyd:
    Sleeping sickness. The Castellani-Bruce controversy.
    Notes and records of the Royal Society of London, London, June 1973, 28: 93-110.
  • C. A. Birch:
    Castellani's paint. Sir Aldo Castellani. (1877-1971).
    The Practitioner, London, June 1974, 212 (1272) : 895-896.
  • O. N. Ransford:
    Sir Aldo Castellani – an international man.
    The Practitioner, August 1980, 224 (1346) : 861-863.
  • K. Ito:
    Aldo Castellani, 1874-1971. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, December 1984, 60 (10): 1011-1029.
  • H. P. Seliger and L. Seefried:
    Aldo Castellani – an appraisal of his life and oeuvre.
    Mycoses, August 1989, 32 (8): 391-397.
  • M. Binazzi:
    Italian memoirs of Aldo Castellani.
    International Journal of Dermatology, October 1991, 30 (10) :741-745.
  • G. C. Cook:
    Aldo Castellani FRCP (1877-1971) and the founding of the Ross Institute & Hospital for Tropical Diseases at Putney.
    Journal of Medical Biography, November 2000, 8 (4): 198-205.
  • A. Sebestiani and C. Serarcangeli:
    [Aldo Castellani (1874-1971). A century-long scientific travel] Article in Italian.
    Medicina nei secoli, Roma, 2003, 15 (3): 469-500.

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