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Gaspard Bauhin - bibliography

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Swiss physician, anatomist, and botanist, born January 17, 1560, Basel; died Decemeber 5, 1624, Basel. Name also given as Caspar Bauhin, Caspar Bauhinius


  • Gynaeciorum sive de mulierum affectibus commentarii.
    4 volumes, Basiliae, per T. Guarinum, 1586-1588.
    An enlarged version of a work by Caspar Wolff (1525-1601), now edited by Bauhin:
  • Volumen gynaeciorum, hoc est, de mulierum tum aliis, tum gravidarum, parientium puerperarum affectibus et morbis. Basilea, per T. Guarinum, 1566.
    The first encyclopaedia of gynaecology and obstetrics, originally conceived by Conrad Gesner (1516-1565), who collected material for the purpose. Wolff, Gesner's literary executor, added material and published the collection one year after Gesner's death.
  • Francisci Rousseti liber de partu caesaro.
    With: Appendix varias et novas historias continens etc.
    Basel 1582, 1586, 1588, 1591.
    Referring to a work by François Rousset (1535-1590?), an advocate of cesarian section:
  • Traitte nouveau de l'hysterotomotokie, ou enfantement césarien, qui est extraction de l'enfant par incision latérale du ventre et matrice de la femme grosse etc. Paris : Denys du Val, 1581.
    Rousset records 15 successful Caesarean sections carried out by various persons during the preceding 80 years.
  • De humani corporis partibus externis hoc est universalis methodi anatomicae ... liber 1 etc. Basel, 1588, 1591, 1592.
  • Theatrum anatomicum infinitis locis auctum, ad morbos accommodatum etc.
    Basilea, S. Henric Petri, 1592. Frankfurt am Main : Matthäus Becker, 1605.
    New edition with major additions in 1621.
    The 131 anatomical engravings are taken from the anatomies of Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), Juan Valverde de Amusco (1525-1588), Bartolomeo Eustachi (1510-1574), Volcher Coiter (1534-1576) and other anatomists. William Harvey (1578-1657) chose this work as the basis for his Lumleian Lectures to London's College of Physicians in 1616. The frontspiece of the 1605 Frankfurt edition reads:
    Caspari Bauhini Basileensis
    Theatrum Anatomicum
    Novis figuris aeneis illustratum
    et in lucem emissum opera
    & sumptibus Theodori de Bry
    p. m. relicta viduae & filiorum
    Ioannis Theodori &
    Ioannis Israelis de Bry
    Francofurti at Moenum
    typis Mathhæi Beckeri
    Anno 1605.
  • De corporis humani fabrica lib. IV etc. Basel, 1590, 1600.
  • Anatomes liber secyndus etc. Basel, 1591, 1592, 1596,
  • Phytopinax. 1596. His first major botanical work
  • Anatomica corporis virilis et muliebris historia. Lugduni, J. le Preux, 1597.
  • Praeludia anatomica. Basel, 1601.
  • Introductio pulsuum synopsin continens. 1602.
  • De ossium natura. 1604.
  • Institutiones anatomicae corporis virilis et muliebris historiam proponentes.
    Basel, 1592, 1609; Lyon, 1597; Bern, 1604; Frankfurt, 1616, 1618; Oppenheim, 1629.
  • Theatrum anatomicum infinitis locis auctum, ad morbos accommodatum etc.
    Basel, 1592; Frankfurt 1621.
  • Institutiones Anatomicae Corporis Virilis et Muliebris Historiam exhibentes... Hippocrat. Aristotel. Galeni auctoritat. illustratae & novis inventis plurimis auctae. Additis novis aliquot figuris & indice.
    Lyons: Apud Joannem le Preux, 1604. The best edition of his De corporis humani (1890), with new illustrations and an index.
  • Institutiones anatomicae Hippocratis, Aristotelis, Galeni auctoritate illustratae. Basel, 1604, 1609, 1640; Frankfurt, 1616.
  • De hermaphroditorum monstrosorumque partuum natura etc.
    Frankfurt, 1604, 1629; Oppenheim, 1614.
  • De compositione medicamentorum.
    Offenbach, 1610. Frankfurt, 1610; Oppenheim, 1614.
  • De remediorum formulis, Graecis, Arabibus et Latinis usitatis etc.
    Frankfurt, 1619.
  • Vivae imagines corporis humani, aenis formis expressae etc.
    Basel, 1620; Frankfurt, 1640.
  • Pinax theatri botanica. 1623. [Illustrated Exposition of Plants]
    A landmark of botanical history. In this work Bauhin described some 6 000 species and classified them, the fruit of 40 years of work. In Pinax Bauhin discarded the old alphabetical manner of enumeration and stated that any sound method of classification must be based on affinities. It is noteworthy for including a compilation of all of the names by which a given plant was known. He introduced many names of genera that were later adopted by Linnaeus, and remain in use. Biographical etc:
  • August Hirsch (1817-1894), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • Martin Plessner (1900-1973):
    Bauhin, Gaspar. In: Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief: Dictionary of Scientific Biographies. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, 1970. Volume 1, pages 522-525.
  • C. Gysel:
    [Gaspard Bauhin and the problem of the development of the dentition at the end of the Renaissance].
    Artcle in French. L'Orthodontie Française, Lyon, 1976, 47 (0): 461-482.

  • R. A. Kyle, M. A. Shampo:
    Gaspard Bauhin.
    JAMA : The Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, September 14, 1979, 242 (11): 1162.
  • Heirs of Hippocrates. Friends of the University of Iowa Libraries. Iowas City, 1980
  • Encyclopædica Britannica. 1986.
  • Richard Toellner:
    Illustrierte Geschichte der Medizin. Andreas & Andreas Verlag, Salzburg, 1990.
    [Histoire de la Médicine, de la Pharmacie, de l'Art Dentaire et de l'Art V'et'erinaire.] Paris 1978.

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