- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Walter Bradford Cannon - bibliography

Related eponyms


American neurologist, and physiologist, born October 19, 1871, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin; died October 1, 1945, Franklin, New Hampshire.


  • William Beaumont:
    The case of Alexis St. Martin, who was wounded in the stomach by a load of duckshot, with experiences. American Medical Recorder, 1825, VIII.
  • William Beaumont:
    Experiments and observations on the gastric juice and the physiology of digestion.
    Plattsburgh, 1833. German translation by Bernhard Luden, Leipzig 1834. Works by Cannon et al:
  • The movements of the stomach studied by means of the Roentgen rays.
    American Journal of Physiology, 1898, 1: 359-382.
    Cannon introduced the Bismuth meal. He showed that bismuth, opaque to x rays, could be of great use in conjunction with roentgenology in the investigation of the digestive tract.
  • A laboratory course in physiology. Cambridge, 1910; 4th edition, 1923.
  • Emotional stimulation of adrenal secretion. With Daniel de la Paz.
    American Journal of Physiology, Bethesda, Maryland, 1911, 28: 64-70.
  • The mechanical factors of digestion. London, E. Arnold, 1911.
  • The emergency function of the adrenal medulla in pain and the major emotions.
    American Journal of Physiology, Bethesda, Maryland, 1914, 33: 356.

  • Experimental hyperthyroidism.
    With Carl Alfred Lanning Binger (1889-1976) and Reginald Heber Fitz (1843-1913).
    American Journal of Physiology, 1915, 36: 363-364.
    First successful experimental production of exophthalmic goitre. Published two years after Fitz' death.
  • Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear, and Rage. An Account of Recent Researches into the Function of Emotional Excitement.
    New York, D. Appleton, 1915. 2nd edition, 1929.
    Observation on the effect of strong emotions on gastrointestinal motility led Cannon to examination of the sympathetic nervous system and its emergency function. Cannon showed the close connexion between the endocrine glands and the emotions.
  • Studies on the conditions of activity in endocrine glands. V. The isolated heart as an indicator of adrenal secretion induced by pain, asphyxia and excitement.
    American Journal of Physiology, 1919, 50: 399-432.
  • Traumatic shock. New York and London, 1923.
  • The James-Lange theory of emotion: A critical examination and an alternative theory. American Journal of Psychology, 1927, 39: 106-124.
    Wikipedia: The James-Lange theory refers to a hypothesis on the origin and nature of emotions developed independently by two 19th-century scholars, William James (1842-1910) and Carl Georg Lange (1834-1900). The theory states that within human beings, as a response to experiences in the world, the autonomic nervous system creates physiological events such as muscular tension, a rise in heart rate, perspiration, and dryness of the mouth. Emotions, then, are feelings which come about as a result of these physiological changes, rather than being their cause. James and Lange arrived at the theory independently. Lange specifically stated that vasomotor changes are emotions.
  • Studies on the conditions of activity in endocrine organs XXVI. A hormone produced by sympathetic action on smooth muscle.
    With With Zenon Marcel Bacq (1903-1983).
    American.Journal of Physiology, 1931, 96: 392-412.
    Cannon and Bacq suggested the name 'sympathin for a substance which they considered to be liberated in the blood stream following nerve stimulation and which acted in the same manner as sympathetic impulses.
  • Die Notfallsfunktion des sympathico-adrenalen Systems.
    Ergebnisse der Physiologie, 1928, 27: 380-406.
  • The wisdom of the body. New York, Norton & Co., 1932.
    A discussion of the regulation of body fluids, hunger, thirst, temperature, oxygen supply, water, sugar, and proteins of the body, and the role of the asympathetic-adrenal mechanism.

  • Studies on conditions of activity in endocrine organs.XXIX. Sympathin E and Sympathin I. With Arturo Stearns Rosenblueth (1900-1970).
    American Journal of Physiology, 1933, 104: 557-574.
    Adrenaline and sympathin were suggested to be identical substances, and Cannon and Rosenbluth proposed the terms "sympathin E" and "sympathin I".
  • The story of the development of our ideas of chemical mediation of nerve impulses.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Philadelphia, 1934, 188: 145-159.
  • The role of emotions in disease.
    Annals of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, 1936, 9: 1453-1465.
  • Autonomic neuro-effector systems.
    With Arturo Rosenblueth. New York, Macmillan Co., 1937.
    The authors hypothesized the existence of two sympathins, one excitatory and the other inhibitory, now known as epinephrine and norepinephrine.
  • The Way of an Investigator. A scientist's experiences in medical research.
    New York, Norton, 1945.
  • The supersensitivity of denervated structures. A law of denervation.
    With Arturo Rosenblueth. New York, MacMillan, 1949. Biographical etc.

  • Isidor Fischer, publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte der letzten fünfzig Jahre.
    Berlin – Wien, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1932. Walter Bradford Cannon 1871-1945: A Memorial Exercise.
    Foreword by Charles Sidney Burwell (1893-1967).
    Boston: Harvard Medical School, 1945. 71 pages.
    With contributions by Philip Bard (1898-1945), Anton Julius Carlson (1875-1956), Ross Granville Harrison (1870-1959), Robert Swain Morrison, and Joseph Charles Aub (1890-1973).
  • Sir Henry Hallett Dale (1875-1968):
    Walter Bradford Cannon. 1871-1945.
    Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society, February 1947, 5 (15): 407-423.
  • Anonymous:
    Walter Bradford Cannon. The Physiologist, Washington DC, 1963, 6: 4-5.
  • W. H. Howell and C. W. Greene:
    History of the American Physiological Society Semicentennial, 1887-1937.
    Baltimore, MD: American Physiological Society. 1938: 94-96.
  • G. C. Ring:
    Walter Bradford Cannon, born October 19, 1871, died October 1, 1945.
    The Physiologist, 1958, 1 (5): 37-42.
  • Walter Bradford Cannon (1871-1945) Harvard physiologist. No author listed.
    JAMA, Chicago, March 18, 1968, 203 (12): 1063-1065.
  • Maurice B. Strauss, editor:
    Familiar Medical Quotations. Little, Brown and Company (Inc). Boston 1968.
  • Webb Haymaker and Francis Schiller, editors:
    The Founders of Neurology.
    Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas. 2nd edition. 1970.
  • D. Fleming:
    Walter Bradford Cannon.
    In: W. T. James, editor: Dictionary of American Biography. Supplement 3. New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons; 1973: 133-137.
  • R. W. Gerard:
    Is the age of heroes ended?
    In: Chandler McC. Brooks, Kiyomi Koizumi and James O. Pinkston:
    The Life and Contributions of Walter Bradford Cannon 1871-1945.
    New York, NY: Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn; 1975: 197-208.
  • Chandler McC. Brooks, Kiyomi Koizumi and James O. Pinkston:
    The life and contributions of Walter Bradford Cannon 1871–1945 : His influence on the development of physiology in the twentieth century.
    Albany NY, State University of New York Press, 1975. 264 pages.
  • A. Benison and A. C. Barger:
    Walter Bradford Cannon. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's sons, 1978, volume 15: 71-77.
  • Marian Cannon Schlesinger,
    Snatched from oblivion: A Cambridge memoir.
    Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1979.
  • A. C. Barger:
    New technology for a new century: Walter B. Cannon and the invisible rays.
    The Physiologist 24 (5): 6-14, 1981.
  • Bradford Cannon:
    Walter Bradford Cannon, M.D.: Reflections on the physician, the man, and his contributions. Abdominal Imaging. New York, December 1982, 7 (1): 1-6.
  • Stephen J. Cross and William R. Albury:
    Walter B. Cannon, L. J. Henderson, and the Organic Analogy.
    Osiris, 2nd Series, 1987, 13: 165-192
  • E. Gorisch and R. Gorisch:
    [Walter Bradford Cannon (1871-1945). The professional activities of an outstanding physiologist]. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Hygiene und ihre Grenzgebiete, Berlin (DDR), July 1990, 36 (7): 368-370.
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton).
    Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.
  • S. E. Lederer:
    Walter Bradford Cannon.
    In: J. A. Garraty and M. C. Carnes, editors: American National Biography. Volume 4. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1999: 338-340.
  • Theodore M. Brown and Elizabeth Fee:
    Walter Bradford Cannon. Pioneer Physiologist of Human Emotions.
    American Journal of Public Health, October 2002, 92 (10): 1594-1595.
  • Edric Lescouflair, Harvard College '03:
    Walter Bradford Cannon; Experimental Physiologist 1871-1945.
    2003. On the website for Notable American Unitarians.
  • James Campbell Quick and Charles D. Spielberger:
    Walter Bradford Cannon: Pioneer of stress research.
    International Journal of Stress Management, April 1994 1 (2):1441-143.

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