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Josef Leopold Auenbrugger - bibliography

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Austrian internist, born November 19, 1722, Graz, Styria province; died May 18, 1809, Vienna.


  • Inventum novum ex percussione thoracis humani ut signo abstrusos interni pectoris morbos detegendi.
    (A New Discovery that Enables the Physician from the Percussion of the Human Thorax to Detect the Diseases Hidden Within the Chest).
    Vindobonae, J. T. Trattner, 1761, 1763, 1775.
    First German translation in Vienna, 1843. First French translation by Rozière de la Chassagne:
  • Manuel des pulmoniques, ou traité complet des maladies de la poitrine. On y a joint une nouvelle méthode de rennoitre ces mêmes maladies par la percussion du thorax, traduite du Latin.
    2 parts in one volume. Paris, Humaire, 1770. 319 pages. French annotated translation by Jean-Nicolas Corvisart:
  • La nouvelle méthode pour reconnaître les maladies internes de poitrine par la percussion de cette cavité. Paris, 1808. English translation by John Forbes:
  • On percussion of the chest; being a translation of Auenbrugger’s original treatise entitled Inventum novum ex percussione thoracis humani et signo abstrusos interni pectoris morbos detegendi. In: "Original Cases With Dissections and Observations . . . Selected from Auenbrugger, Corvisart, Laennec and Others." London, 1824.

    Inventum novum was reprinted in:
    F. A. Willius and T. E. Keys, Cardiac Classics, St. Louis, Missouri, 1941, pp. 193-213.
    C. N. B. Camac, Classics of Medicine and Surgery, New York 1959, pp. 120-147.
    It also appears, with an introduction by Henry E. Sigerist, in Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Baltimore, 1936, 4: 373-403.
    Fascimile reprint by Max Neuburger (Vienna-Leipzig, 1922) includes the original edition, and translations into English, French and German. Other works by Auenbrugger:
  • Experimentum nascens de remedio specifico sub signo specifico in mania virorum. 1776.
    Suggesting camphor as a treatment for a special form of mania.
  • Von der stillen Wuth oder dem Triebe zum Selbstmorde als einer wirklichen Krankheit, mit Original-Beobachtungen und Anmerkungen. Dessau, 1783.
  • Heilart der epidemischen Ruhr. 1783. Other important works on auscultation/percussion:
  • J. N. Corvisart des Marest:
    Essai sur les maladies et les lésions organiques du coeur et des gros vaisseaux.
    Paris, Migneret, 1806. English translation, 1812; reproduced 1962.
  • R. T. H. Laënnec:
    De l'auscultation médiate, ou traité du diagnostic des maladies des poumons et du coeur, fondé principalement sur ce nouveau moyen d’exploration.
    2 volumes. Paris 1819; 1826; 1831 by Mériadec Laënnec; 3 volumes 1836.
    German translation, 1822; 1823.
    Also by Friedrich Ludwig Meissner (1796-1860) under the title of Abhandlung von den Krankheiten der Lungen und des Herzens und der mittelbaren Auscultation als eines Mittels zu ihrer Erkennung, Leipzig, 1832. On Auenbrugger and his work:
  • P. James Bishop:
    A List of Papers, etc., on Leopold Auenbrugger (1722-1809) and the History of Percussion.
    Medical History, 1961, 5: 192-196. A bibliography listing all important works pertinent to the subject with short critical remarks that facilitate orientation.
  • H. L. Blumgart:
    Leopold Auenbrugger. His "Inventum norvum" – 1761.
    Circulation, Dallas, Texas, 1961, 24: 1-4.
  • C. Costa:
    Sobre la vicisitud creadora – Auenbrugger y Morgagni frente a frente.
    Anales chilenos de historia de la medicina, 1936, 5: 63-223.
  • Charles Coury:
    Auenbrugger, Corvisart et les origines de la percussion.
    In J. N. Corvisart, Nouvelle méthode pour reconnaître les maladies internes de poitrine par la percussion de cette cavité, par Auenbrugger. Paris, 1868, pp. 109-160.
  • M. Jantsch:
    200 Jahre "Inventum novum".
    Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift, 1961, 111: 199-202.
  • R. G. Rate:
    Leopold Auenbrugger and the "Inventum novum."
    Journal of the Kansas Medical Society, 1966, 67: 30-33.
  • J. J. Smith:
    The "Inventum novum" of Joseph Leopold Auenbrugger.
    Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 1962, 38: 691-701.

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