- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jacob Benignus Winsløw - bibliography

Related eponyms


Danish-born French anatomist, born April 17, 1669, Odense, on the island of Fyn, Denmark; died April 3, 1760, Paris.


  • Observations sur les fibres du coeur et sur les valvules avec la manière de le préparer pour le démontrer. 1711.
  • Description d’une valvule singulière de la veine cave et nouveau sentiment sur la fameuse question du trou ovale. 1717.
  • Éclaircissements sur la calculation du sang dans le foetus. 1725.
  • Sur les mouvements de la tête, du col et du reste de l’épine du dos. 1730.
    In this work Winsløw was the first to describe exactly the function of the small invertebral joints.
  • Exposition anatomique de la structure du corps humain.
    3 volumes, Paris, Guillaume Desprez et Jean Desseartz, 1732. 4 volumes, 1766. Amsterdam, 3 volumes, 1732, 1743. 4 volumes, 1752, 1754;
    Distinguished as being the first book on descriptive anatomy to discard physiological details and hypothetical explanations foreign to the subject. Winsløw was a leader in condensing and systematizing the anatomical knowledge og his time. This is reflected in the present work which is unusually well-organized, with clear descriptions of individual anatomical structures. Popular among teachers and students, the book was widely used as a text for nearly acentury after its publication.
    English translation by George Douglas:
    An Anatomical Exposition of the Structure of the Human Body.
    volumes in one; London, printed for N. Prevost, 1733.
    German translation by Georg Matthiae(1708-1773):
    Anatomische Abhandlung von dem Bau des Menschlichen Leibes.
    4 volumes, Berlin, 1733.
    Enlarged edition by Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770); 5 volumes, Basel, 1754.
    Latin translation by E. Gallico:
    Expositio anatomica structurae corporis humnani.4 volumes, Frankfurt-Leipzig, 1758;
    Italian translation:
    Espoziozione anatomica della struttura del corpo humano.
    4 volumes, Bologna, 1743; Naples, 1746, 1763, 1775; Venice, 1747, 1767.
  • Quaestio medico-chirurgica . . . an mortis incertae signa minus incerta a chirurgicis, quam ab aliis experimentis.
    [The uncertainty of the signs of death, and the danger of precipitate interments and dissections, demonstrated]
    Paris, 1740. In French, Paris, 1742; Italian, Naples, 1744, 1775; Swedish, Stockholm, 1751; German, Leipzig, 1754; and Danish, Sorø, 1868.
    First Swedish edition: Afhandling om dödsteknens owisshet, Och om thet missbruk som är med alt för hastiga begrafningar och balsameringar. med bifogade bewis, och förslag häremot, ... med Jacob Johan Bruhiers förklaringar eller tilsatser, öfwersatt ifrån fransöskan. Jemte en tilökning af thylika uti swerige, timade händelser, samlad af Olof Tillæus.
    Stockholm, Tryckt uti Kongl. Tryckeriet, 1751. 200 pages.
    Olof Tilllæus (1704-1762).
  • Opuscoli anatomici. His collected anatomical works. Bologna, 1744.
  • L’Autobiographie de J.-B. Winsløw. Wilhelm Maar, editor. Paris-Copenhagen, 1912. His autobiography.
  • Winsløw, Jacob Benignus, dansk anatom, 1669-1760.
    In: Dansk biografisk Lexikon, volume 19. Kjøbenhavn, Gyldendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag. Græbes Bogtrykkeri, 1905. Found on the Internet.
  • Julius Pagel:
    Winslow, Jakob Benignus. I
    n: August Hirsch, publisher: Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker. 2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929. First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • H. Ehrencron-Müller:
    Forfatterlexikon, IX. Copenhagen, 1932. With a full list of Winsløw’s works.
  • V. Maar:
    Lidt om J.-B. Winsløw. Festskrift til Julius Petersen.
    In: V. Meisen: Prominent Danish Scientists. Copenhagen, 1932: 53-60.
  • V. Meisen:
    Prominent Danish Scientists. Copenhagen, 1932, pp. 53-55.
  • D. M. Blair:
    Winslow and sympathetic system. British Medical Journal, 1932; 2: 1200.
  • R. Schär:
    Albrech von Hallers neue anatomisch-physiologische Befunde. Bern, 1958.
  • Albrecht von Haller:
    Tagebuch der Studienreise nach London, Paris, Strassburg und Basel 1727 bis 1728. Mit Anmerkungen herausgegeben von E. Hintsche. Paris. Bern, 1968.
  • Egill Snorrason (1915-1996):
    Anatomen J.-B. Winsløw 1669-1760.
    French title: L. anatomiste J.-B. Winslow, 1669-1760. Copenhagen, 1969.
  • Egill Snorrason:
    Winsløw, Jacob (or Jacques-Bénigne).
    In: Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief: Dictionary of Scientific Biographies. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, 1970.
  • T. Vette:
    La vie active de Jacques-Beningne Winslow. Nordisk medicin, 1971: 107-129.
  • Bettina Sandritter:
    Die Auseinandersetzung zwischen Louis Lémery und Jacques Benigne Winslow über die Entstehung von Mißbildungen 1706-1743. 1991.
  • R. Olry:
    Winslow's contribution to our understanding of the cervical portion of the sympathetic nervous system.
    Journal of the History of Neurosciences, August 1996, 5 (2): 190-196.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.