- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Jan Evangelista Purkyně - bibliography

Related eponyms


Czech (Bohemian) anatomist and experimental physiologist, born December 17, 1787, Libochovice, near Leitmeritz, Kingdom Bohemia; died July 28, 1869, Prague, Austria-Hungary.


    Works by persons referred to:
  • Karl Ernst von Baer:
    De ovi mammalium et hominis genesi. Epistola ad Academiam Imperialem Scientiarum Petropolitanam. Lipsiae, L. Vossius, 1827.
    German translation, edited by B. Ottow:
    Ueber die Bildung des Eies der Säugetiere und des Menschen. Leipzig, 1927.
    English translation by C. D. O'Malley:
    On the Genesis of the Ovum of Mammals and of Man; a letter to the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg. Isis, June 1956, 47: 117-153.
  • Hermann von Helmholtz:
    Ueber die Accomodation des Auges.
    [Graefes]Archiv für Ophthalmologie, Berlin, 1855, 1, part 2: 1-74.
    Helmholtz determined the optical constants and explained the mechanism of accomodation, with the help of the ophthalmometer which he had invented in 1852. With J. Krejčí, Purkyně published the journal Živa. Časopis Přírodnický which appeared in 12 volumes between 1853 and 1864. Works by Purkině:
  • Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Sehens in subjectiver Hinsicht.
    [Contributions to the knowledge of vision from a subjective perspective]
    Doctoral dissertation, University of Prague, 1819.
  • Ueber die Wichtigkeit der Muttersprache. Hesperus, 1820, 25: 26-28.
  • Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne.
    2 volumes. Berlin, 1823-1825.
    (Observations and Experiments Investigating the Physiology of Senses). The first volume is a re-publishing of his dissertation. 1823.
    Second volume with subtitle: Neue Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Sehens in subjectiver Hinsicht (New Subjective Reports about Vision). 1825.
  • Commentatio de examine physiologico organi visus et systematis cutanei.
    Breslau, 1823.
    With his renowned classification of the fingerprints.
  • Symbolae ad ovi avium historiam ante incubationem.
    Vratislaviae typis universitatis (Bratislava University Press, 1825). English translation by G. W. Bathelmez, in Essays in Biology in Honour of H. M. Evans (University of California Press, 1943), pp. 53-93.
  • Symbolae ad ovi avium historiam ante incubationem. Gratulationsschrift zur Feier von Blumenbach’s jubilee; Leipzig : Leopold Voss, 1830.
  • De phaenomeno generali et funamentali motus vibratorii continui in membranis tum externis animalium plurimorum et superiorum et inferiorum ordinum obvii.
    With Gustav Gabriel Valentin (1810-1883). Vratislaviae, A. Schulz et soc, 1835.
  • De motu vibratorio animalium vertebratorum. Written with G. Valentin.
    Verhandlungen der Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Akademie der Naturforscher, Breslau, 1835; 17, Abteilung 2: 841-854.
  • Neueste Untersuchungen aus der Nerven- und Hirnanatomie. (Über die gangliöse Natur bestimmter Hirnteile).
    In: Bericht über die Versammlung deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte in Prag im September 1837. Pp. 177-180. Prague, 1837. (6) + 235) + (3) pages.
  • Ueber die Magendrüsen und die Natur des Verdauens im Magen.
    Lecture at the Naturforscher-Versammlung in Prag, zoologisch-physiologische Section. Prague, 1837. In this lecture, one year before the German botanist Matthias Jacob Schleiden, and two years before Schwann, Purkinje publicly presented the cellular theory.
  • Opera selecta. Prague, 1848.
  • Opera omnia. 12 volumes; Prague, 1919-1973. 18: 1918. Biographical etc:
  • Rudolf Heidenhain:
    (A short biography) in: Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, 1888.
  • F. K. Studnicka:
    J. E. P. und seiner Schule Verdienste um die Entdeckung der tierischen Zellen und um die Aufstellung der Zellentheorie.
    Anatomischer Anzeiger, 1927, 64: 140-144.
    Acta Societatis scientiarum naturalium Moravicae, Brno, 1928, 4: 98-168. Aus der Vorgeschichte der Zellentheorie.
    Anatomischer Anzeiger, 1932, 73: 390-416. Matthias Jacob Schleiden und die Zellentheorie von Theodor Schwann.
    Anatomischer Anzeiger, Jena, 1933, 76: 80-95.
  • Bohumil Nemec:
    Neueres über Johannes Evangelista Purkinje. Prager Rundschau, 1931; 1: 230-239.
  • Vladislav Kruta:
    Beginnings of the Scientific Career of J. E. Purkyně. Letters with his friends From the Prague Years 1815-1823. Brno, 1964. J. E. Purkyně (1787-1869) Physiologist. A short Account of His Contributions to the Progress of Physiology. With a Bibliography of His Works. Prague, 1969. Jan Evangelista Purkyně (Purkinje). In: Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief: Dictionary of Scientific Biographies. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, 1970. Volume 5, pp. 213-217. A note on the history of Purkyně cells. In V. Kruta, editor: J. E. Purkyně 1787-1869. Centenary Symposium. Brno: Universita J. E. Purkyně, 1971: 125-136.
  • V. Kruta. M. Teich:
    Jan Evengelista Purkyně. Prague, 1962. In Czech, with English, French, German, Russian, and Spanish translations.
  • H. J. John:
    Jan Evengelista Purkyně, Czech Scientist and Patriot, 1787-1869.
    Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, 1949, 49.
  • Kurt Aterman and Jan Janko:
    Jan Evangelista Purkyně (1787-1869). Part I: Biographical Notes.
    Journal of Medical Biography, August 1994, 2 (3): 146-150.
    Jan Evangelista Purkyně (1787-1869). Part II: The question of his nationalism.
    Journal of Medical Biography, November 1994, 2 (4): 201-208.
We thank Benjamin Youdelman, and Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

What is an eponym?

An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

What is Whonamedit?

Whonamedit.com is a biographical dictionary of medical eponyms. It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person.


Whonamedit? does not give medical advice.
This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only. No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, is affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: see a doctor.