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Sir James Young Simpson, 1st Baronet - bibliography

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Scottish obstetrician, born June 7, 1811, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Scotland; died May 6, 1870, 52 Queen Street, Edinburgh.


  • Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (1794-1867):
    Note touchant l'action de l'ether sur les centres nerveux.
    Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1847, 24: 340-344.
    On March, 1847, Flourens announced that chloroform had an anaesthetic effect analogous to that of ether. Little note seems to have been taken of his paper, btut late in the year Simpson independently demonstrated the value of chloroform. Works by James Young Simpson:
  • Observations on the diseases of the placenta. 1835.
  • On peritonitis of the The foetus in utero. 1838.
  • Inflammatory origins of some varieties of hernia and malformation in the foetus. 1839.
  • Hermaphroditism.
    In, Robert Bentley Todd, et al: The cyclopaedia of anatomy and physiology. 5 volumes, London, 1836- 1859.
  • Case of amputation of the neck of the uterus, followed by pregnancy; followed by remarks on the pathology and radical treatment of the cailiflower excrescence from the os uteri. 1842.
  • Antiquarian notices of leprosy and leper hospitals in Scotland and England.
    1841. He published a second paper on this topic in 1842.
  • On intrauterine cutaneous disease, ichtyosis. 1843.
  • Contributions to the pathology and treatment of disease of the uterus.
    The London and Edinburgh Monthly Journal of Medical Science, Edinburgh, 1843, 3: 547-556, 701-715, 1009-1027;
    The London and Edinburgh Monthly Journal of Medical Science, Edinburgh, 1844, 4: 208-217.
  • On the alleged infecundity of females born co-twins with males; with some notes on the average proportion of marriages without issue in general society. 1844.
  • Dilatation and incision of the cervix uteri in cases of obstructive dysmenorrhoea. 1844.
  • The Sex of the Child as a Cause of Difficulty and Death in Parturition.
    The Lancet, London, January 11, 1845, 1: 37.
  • Discovery of a new anaesthetic agent, more efficient than sulphuric ether.
    London Medical Gazette, 1847, n.s. 5: 906. Preliminary report.
    London Medical Gazette, 1847, n.s. 5: 934-937.
    The Lancet, London, November 21, 1847, 2: 549-550..
  • On the Air Tractor, as a Substitute for the Midwifery Forceps.
    The Lancet, London, March 3, 1849, 1: 236.
  • On the nature of the membrane occasionally expelled in dysmenorrhoea. 1847.
  • On the attitude and positions of the foetus in utero. 1848.
  • Medicated pessaries. 1848.
  • Retroversion of the unimpregnated uterus. 1848.
  • Anaesthesia; or, The Employment of Chloroform and Ether in Surgery, Midwifery, etc.
    Philadelphia, 1849. This work, which was never published in book form in Great Britain, is a collection of his writings and speeches on his experiences in the use of chloroform and ether.
  • Local Anæsthesia; Notes on its artificial production by chloroform, etc., in the lower animals and in man. The Lancet, London, July 8, 1848, 2: 39-42.
  • On the discovery and construction of the air-tractor. 1849.
  • Intrauterine small-pox. 1849.
  • On the detection and treatment of intrauterine polypi. 1850.
  • Spurious pregnancy. 1850.
  • On turning as a substitute for craniotomy and the long forceps.
  • On the analogy between puerperal and surgical fever. 1850.
  • Was the Roman army provided with medical officers? 1851.
  • Homoeopathy, its tenets and tendencies, theoretical, theological, and therapeutical. Third edition, 1853.
  • Therapeutic action of the salts of cerium. 1854.
  • The determining cause of parturition. 1854.
  • Artificial anaesthesia as a means of facilitating uterine diagnosis. 1855.
  • Perinaeal fistula left by the transit of the foetus through the perinaeum. 1855.
  • The obstetric memoirs and contributions edited by Prietstley and Storer.
    A collection of various treatises. 2 volumes; Edinburgh, 1855-1856.
  • Observations on carbonic acid gas as a local anaesthetic in uterine diseases etc. 1856.
  • Proposed removal of tumours by injecting irritants into their substance. 1857.
  • Notice of albumen in a case of puerperal mania. 1857.
  • Notice of chloride of amyl as an anaesthetic. 1857.
  • Iron-thread sutures and splints in vesico-vaginal fistulae. 1858.
  • Treatment of hydrocele by iron-wire seton. 1858.
  • On acupressure in amputations.
    Medical Times and Gazette, London, 1860.
  • Notice on the appearance of syphilis in Scotland and the last years of the 15th century. 1860.
  • Letter disclaiming the originality of coccygectomy. 1861.
  • Clinical lectures on acupressure.
    Medical Times and Gazette, London, 1864.
  • Tangle-tents. 1864.
  • Acupressure, a new method of arresting surgical haemorrhage and of accelerating the healing of wounds. 1864. A compilation of the two above works.
  • On the existende in the human subject of organs unprovided with nerves, lymphatics, or capillaries. 1868.
  • Some propositions on hospitalism. Lancet, 1869.
  • Hospitalism; its influence upon limb amputation in the London hospitals.
    British Medical Journal, London, 1869.
  • Our existing system of hospitalism and its effects. Edinburgh Medical Journal, 1869.
  • Hospitalism: its effects on the results of surgical operations.
    Edinburgh Medical Journal, 1869.
  • On the anaesthetic and sedative properties of bichloride of carbon or chlorocarbon.
    Medical Times and Gazette, London, 1875 Simpsons series of smaller lectures during the years 1859-1861 and published in the Medical Times and Gazette, London,, were reprinted in America in one volume as Clinical lectures on diseases of women. Philadelphia, 1863; New York, 1872.
  • Adolf Ludwig Sigismund Gusserow (1836-1906):
    Zur Erinnerung an Sir James Young Simpson. Address, etc, Berlin, 1871.
  • J. Duns:
    Memoir of Sir James Young Simpson. Bart. Edinburgh, 1873; 8.
  • Henry Laing Gordon:
    Sir James Young Simpson and Chloroform (1811-1870).
    London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1897. xii + 233 pages.
  • J. A. Shepard:
    Simpson and Syme of Edinburgh.Edinburgh: Livingstone, 1969: 85, 77-102.

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