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Adriaan van den Spiegel - bibliography

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Flemish anatomist and botanist, born 1578, Brussels; died April 7, 1625, Padua, Italy. Name also written as Spieghel, Spigel, Adrianus Spigelius, Spiegelius, Adriano Spigeli.


  • Isagoge in rem herbariam libri duo.
    Padova, Lorenzo Pasquati for Paolo Meietti, 1606, 1608.
    Lugduni Batavorum: Elzevir, 1633, 272 pages. 1673; Helmstedt, 1667.
    1633 edition with Catalogus plantarum of Leiden and the surrounding area.
  • De lumbrico lato liber, cum notis et ejusdem lumbrici icone.
    Patavii, Typis Laurentii Pasquati, 1618. 88 pages.
    With a letter, De incerto tempore partus.
  • De semitertiana libri quatuor.Francofurti, apud haered. J. T. de Bry, 1624.
    This first extensive account of malaria also contains a description of what is now known as typhoid fever.
  • Catastrophe anatomiae publicae in Lycaeo Patavino feliciter absolutae.
    Padua, 1624.
  • De formato foetu liber singularis, aenis figuris ornatus. Epistolae duae anatomicae. Tractatus de arthritide.
    Padua, 1626; Frankfurt, 1631.
    Published posthumously by Spigelius’ son-in-law, the physician Liberalis L. Crema of Padua.
  • De humani corporis Fabrica libri X tabulis aere icisis exornati.
    Venetiis, 1627. 328 pages.
  • De humani corporis fabrica libri decem, tabulis XCIIX aeri incisis elegantissimis, nee antehac visis exornati. Serenissimo Ioanni Cornelio Venetiarum Duci dicati.
    Francofurti: Merianus, 1632. 390 pages. Also 1646. Arranged for by Daniel Rindfleisch (alias Bucretius, died 1631). With plates by Giulio Casseri.
    This lengthy and detailed anatomy text by Spiegel did much to bring order to anatomical nomenclature and to describe accurately certain muscle groups, particularly those of the back. It is said that Spiegel entrusted the editing of this book to Daniel Bucretius on his deathbed or in his will. Since the manuscript lacked illustrations, Bucretius obtained the beautiful plates that Casserio had had made by a German draftsman and engraver named Josias Murerus (Joseph Maurer). Bucretius added ninety-eight of these fine copperplates to Spiegel’s work, separately paginated and under the name of Casserio. These splendid engravings contributed much to the success and fame of the work. They are among the finest produced in the seventeenth century and are remarkable for their accuracy, beauty of execution, and tasteful arrangement. Bucretius published the plates separately as well as with Spiegel’s text under the title Tabulae anatomicae. Some faults in the text have been indicated, however. Jean Riolan the younger (1580-1657) blamed Bucretius for them, accusing him of having altered the original text. Nevertheless, the work established Spiegel’s renown as an anatomist.
  • Opera quae extant omnia. Ex recensione Joh. Antonidae van der Linden (with a foreword by Johannes Antonides van der Linden).
    2 volumes in 3 parts. Amsterdam, Johannes Blaeu, 1645.
    English translation, London, 1649, 1665, 1678.
    This edition of his collected writings contains the second printing of the 97 copperplates first printed in Casseri's Tabulae anatomicae plus 9 exquisite plates also by Valesio and Fialetti from Casseri's treatise, De formatu foetu, and a tenth plate representing the hymen. This splendid volume contains the second edition of his De semitertiana libri quatuor. In addition to Spigelius' writings, it also contains the 4th edition of Gasparo Aselli's (1581-1626) De lactibus sive lacteis venis, and the fifth edition of William Harvey's (1578-1657) Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus, as well as a short biography, and a portrait. On Spiegel’s life and his contributions to medicine and botany:
  • A. Portal:
    Histopire de l’anatomie et de la chirurgie. Paris, 1770. Volume II: 449-455.
  • M. Morren:
    Adrien Spiegel. Revue de Bruxelles, February 1838; 1: 51-79.
    An evaluation of Spiegel’s accomplishments as a botanist.
  • C. Broeckx:
    Essai sur l’histoire de la médecine belge. Brussels, 1838: 311-312.
  • C. van Bambeke, in:
    Académie royal . . . de Belgique, Biographie nationale, XXIII, 1921-1924: 330-334.
  • Pietro Capparoni:
    Cinque lettre inedite di Adriaan van den Spiegel (Adriano Spigeli).
    Bollettino dell’Istituto storico italiano dell’arte sanitaria, 1930, 10: 248-253.
  • Giuseppe Favaro:
    Contributo alla biografia di A. Spigeli (Adraan van den Spiegel) nel terzo centenario della sua morte (1625-1925).
    Atti del Istituto veneto di scienze, lettere ed arti, 1925-1926; 85, part 2: 213-252.

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