François Magendie - bibliography

Related eponyms

Biography

French physiologist, born October 6, 1783, Bordeaux; died October 7, 1855, Sannois, département Seine-et-Oise.

Bibliography

  • Essai sur les usages du voile de palais avec quelques propositions sur la fracture du cartilage des côtes. Doctoral thesis; Paris, 1808.
  • Quelques idées générales sur les phénomènes particuliers aux corps vivants.
    Bulletin des sciences médicales, 1809, 4: 145-170.
  • Examen de l’action de quelques végétaux sur la moëlle épinière.
    Nouveau bulletin scientifique de la Société philomatique, Paris, 1809, 1: 368-405.
  • Mémoire sur le vomissement. Paris, Crochard, 1813.
    Physiologists still consult Magendie's classic description of the physiology of deglutition and vomiting. Magendie proved, against the current theory of Albrecht von Haller, that the stomach was passive rather than active in vomiting. This was essentially correct; however Magendie did fail to observe the active role of the pyloric end of the stomach. English translation in Annals of Philosophy: or Magazine of chemistry, mineralogy, mechanics, natural history, agriculture, and the arts, London, 1813, 1: 429-438.
  • Mémoire sur l'usage de l'epiglotte dans la déglutition . . .
    Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1813.
    Magendie showed that the epiglottis is not necessary for swallowing, which disproved the accepted doctrine that the epiglottis was necessary to cover the glottis to prevent food from entering the trachea.
  • Précis élémentaire de physiologie.
    2 volumes. Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1816-1817.
    A revised edition appeared in 1822. Four French editions appeared.
    German translation by Karl Friedrich Heusinger (1792-1883), Eisenach, 1820.
    Italian, Napoli, 1819.
    English translation, Edinburgh, 1826.
    American edition by John Revere: A Summary of Physiology. Baltimore, 1822.
    The first modern physiology textbook in which doctrine gave way to simple, precise descriptions of experimental facts. In the preface, Magendie reiterated his purpose: to bring physiology to the stature of a natural science by doing what Galileo Galilei had done for astronomy. Volume 2 contains Magendie's classic demonstration of the importance of nitrogenous food, or protein, in the food supply of mammals. In the course of his experiments on dogs fed non-nitrogenous substances, Magendie also introduced the first experimental case of avitaminosis (specifically, lack of vitamin A.
  • Mémoire sur les propriétés nutritives des substances qui ne contiennent pas d’azote.
    Bulletin de la Société philomatique, 1816, 4: 137.
  • Mémoire sur l’émétine et sur les trois espèces d’ipécacuanha.
    With Pierre Joseph Pelletier.
    Journal générale de médecine, de chirurgie et de pharmacie, 1817, 59: 223-231.
  • Recherches chimiques et physiologiques sur l'ipécacuanha.
    Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris, 1817, 4: 172-185. Isolation of emetine. It was not until a century later that Edward Bright Vedder (1878-1952) demonstrated its value in the treatment of amoebiasis.
  • Recherches physiologiques et médicales sur les causes, les symptomes et le traitement de la gravelle etc.
    Paris, 1818. German translation, Leipzig, 1820.
  • Formulaire pour la préparation et l’emploi de plusieurs nouveaux médicamentes, tels que la noix vomique, la morphine, l’acide prussique, la strychnine, la vératrine, les alcalis des quinquinas, l’iode etc.
    Paris, Mequignon-Marvis, 1822. Translated into German.
    English translation as Formulary for the preparation and mode of employing several new remedies. Philadelphia 1824.
    Magendie's Formulaire introduced into medical practice several of the newly discovered alkaloids, notably morphine, veratrine, brucine, piperine, emetine, as well as quinine, and strychnine.
  • Mémoires sur le mécanisme de l'absoption chez les animaux à sang rouge et chaud.
    Journal de physiologie expérimentale et pathologie, 1821, 1: 1-17, 18-31.
  • Expériences sur les fonctions des racines des nerfs rachidiens.
    Bell-Magendie law.
    Journal de physiologie expérimentale et pathologie, 1822, 2: 276-279.
  • Expériences sur les fonctions des racines des nerfs qui naissent de la moëlle épinière.
    Journal de physiologie expérimentale et de pathologie, 1822, 2: 366-371.
  • Mémoire sur les fonctions de quelques parties du système nerveux.
    Journal de physiologie expérimentale et de pathologie, 1824, 4: 399-407.
  • Mémoire sur un liquide qui se trouve dans le crâne et le canal vertébral de l’homme et des animaux mammifères.
    Journal de physiologie expérimentale et pathologie, Paris, 1825, 5: 27-37
    Journal de physiologie expérimentale et pathologie, Paris, 1827, 7: 1-29, 66-82.
    First clear description of the cerebrospinal fluid.
  • Anatomie des systèmes nerveux des animaux à vertèbres, appliquée à la physiologie et à la zoologie. With atlas. With Louis-Antoine Desmoulins (1794-1828). Paris, 1825.
  • Leçons sur le choléra-morbus.
    La revue médicale, Paris, 1832, I. German translation, Leipzig, 1839.
  • Leçons sur les phénomènes physiques de la vie.
    4 volumes; Paris, J. B. Baillière, 1836-1838; 1842.
    German translation in 2 volumes, Köln, 1837.
  • Lectures on the blood; and on the changes which it undergoes during disease.
    Philadelphia, Harrington, Barrington & Haswell, 1839.
    The twenty-four lectures in this work were delivered by Magendie at the Collège de France in 1837 and 1838. In one of these lectures (pages 244-249), he reports the first experiment in anaphylaxis, though Edward Jenner in 1798 had observed the phenomenon in various inoculations. Magendie showed that rabbits who had tolerated a first injection of egg albumin died when given subsequent injections. This English translation is the first edition in book form.
  • Leçons sur les fonctions et les maladies du système nerveux,( redigées par O, James?).
    2 volumes. Paris, 1839-1841. German translation; Leipzig, 1841.
  • Phénomènes physiques de la vie. 4 volumes; Paris, 1842.
  • Recherches physiologiques et cliniques sur le liquide céphalo-rachidien ou cérébro-spinal.
    1 volume and atlas. Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1842. Foramen of Magendie.
  • Journal de physiologie expérimentale, Paris. 11 volumes; Paris, 1821-1831.
  • James Montrose Duncan Olmsted (1886-1956):
    François Magendie : Pioneer in Experimental Physiology and Scientific Medicine in XIX Century France. New York, Schuman's, 1944. Complete biography of Magendie in the biography authored by Claude Bernard (Paris, 1856).

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