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Sir Charles Bell - bibliography

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Scottish anatomist, surgeon, and physiologist, born november 1774, Doun in Monteath (Edinburgh?); died april 28 (18: 27), 1842, North Hallow, Worcestershire.


  • John Bell and Charles Bell:
    The Anatomy of the Human Body.
    4 volumes, Edinburgh, Cadell & Davies, 1797-1804.
    2 volumes; Edinburgh, Mundell & Son, and London, 1798-1803, folio with 20 plates.
    3rd edition, 1809; 4th edition, 1816. New edition 1813, 1817; Baltimore; 1814.
    German translation, Leipzig, 1800. Revised German edition by Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773-1843) and Johann Christian Rosenmüller (1771-1820) in 2 parts, Leipzig, 1805, 1807.
    This work was published while Bell was still a student. The anatomical work of Charles Bell and his brother John was the most important in the British Isles during the early part of the 19th century. The title has also been given as: A System of Dissections Explaining the Anatomy of the Human Body, etc. Can you correct us?n
  • Discourses on the Nature and Cure of Wounds.
    Edinburgh: Mundell & Son, 1800.
  • Engravings of the Arteries, Illustrating the Second Volume of The anatomy of the Human Body, by John Bell, Surgeon.
    London, 1802, 1804.
    All the drawings for this book were made by Charles Bell, and they stand unrivalled for their facility, elegance and accuracy. This volume of engravings was intended, as the title states, to illustrate the work of Charles Bell's brother, John Bell, who had himself done the drawings to illustrate the first volume.
  • The Principles of Surgery.
    3 volumes in 4. Edinburgh, London, T. Cadell & E W Davis, 1801, 1806, 1808.
    New edition with Charles Bell in 4 volumes, 1826-1828.
  • John Bell and Charles Bell:
    i>The Anatomy of the Brain, Explained in a Series of Engravings.
    Edinburgh, 1801; new edition, 1810.
  • A Series of Engravings, Explaining the Course of the Nerves. London, 1804, 1809.
    3rd edition, 1816, with an address to young physicians on the study of the nerves.
    German edition (Bearbeitung) from the 3rd edition by Jakob Heinrich Robbi (1789-1833), with an introduction by Johann Christian Rosenmüller, Leipzig, 1820; also in Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Anatomie, volume VII.
  • Essays on the Anatomy of Expression in Painting.
    London, Longman, Reese, Hurst & Orme, 1896.
    New edition 1806. 1824 edition entitled Essay on the Anatomy and Philosophy of Expression.
    Bell's artistic and literary skills combined with his knowledge of anatomy and physiology to make his work a tour de force of art history and the anatomical and physiological basis of facial expression.
  • A System of Operative Surgery, Founded on the Basis of Anatomy.
    2 volumes. London, Longman, 1807-1809; 2nd edition, 1814.
    2nd American edition, Hartford, 1816.
    German translation with foreword by Carl Ferdinand von Graefe, Berlin, 1815;
    Italian by Giacomo Barovero (died 1831), Torino, 1817: Systema di chirurgia operativa
  • Letters Concerning the Diseases of the Urethra. London, 1809; 2nd edition 1810.
  • A Treatise on the Diseases of the Urethra, Vesica Urinaria, Prostate and Rectum.
    London, 1811; 2nd edition, 1820; 3rd edition, 1822, etc, 1832.
    German translation in Chirurgische Handbibliothek, volume II, Weimar, 1821.
  • An Idea of a New Anatomy of the Brain; submitted for the observations of his friends.
    London, Strahan & Preston, 1811.
    Contains first reference to experimental work on the motor functions of the ventral spinal nerve-roots,, without, however, establishing the sensory functions of the dorsal roots. This very rare privately printed pamphlet is reproduced in Medical Classics, 1936, 1: 105-120. Facsimile reprint, London, 1966. Bell's own annotated copy, preserved in the library of The Royal Society, is reproduced in Cranefield, The way in and the way out: François Magendie, Charles Bell and the roots of the spinal nerves, Mt. Kisco, N.Y., Futura Publishing, 1974. Cranefield proves that Magendie discovered the Bell-Magendie law.
  • Engravings from Specimens of Morbid Parts, Preserved in the Author’s Collection, now in Windmill Street etc. London, 1813.
  • Dissertation on Gun-shot Wounds. London, 1814.
  • Surgical Observations; Being a Quarterly Report of Cases in Surgery, Treated in the Middlesex Hospital, in the Cancer Establishment and in Private Practice, etc.
    2 volumes, London, 1816-1818.
  • An Essay on the Forces Which Cerculate the Blood; Being an Examination of the Differences of the Motions of the Fluids in Living and Dead Vessels. London 1819.
  • Illustrations of the Great Operations of Surgery: Trepan, Hernia, Amputation, Aneurism, and Lithotomy.
    London, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1821,
    German translation by Carl (Karl). Gottlob Kühn U(1754-1840); Leipzig, 1822, 1823.
    One of the most dramatically and beautifully illustrated works in the entire literature of surgery. Hand-coloured copies show more blood than is usual for surgical treatises of this period. From publication in fascicules, 1820-1821. A second, undated issue appeared circa 1830.
  • On the Nerves: Giving an Account of some Experiments on Their Structure an Functions, Which Lead to a New Arrangement of the System.
    Lecture given at the Royal Society in 1821.
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 1821, 111: 398-424.
    Bell's palsy – the facial paralysis ensuing upon lesion of the motor nerve of the face is here for the first time described.
    More detailed in: Lecture given at the Royal Society in 1829, 119: 317-330.
    Reprinted in Medical Classics, 1936, 1: 152-169.
  • An Exposition of the Natural System of Nerves of the Human Body.
    London, Spottiswode, 1824, 1830, 1837; Philadelphia, 1825.
  • Animal Mechanics.
    Published by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, 1828-1829. This compilation of lectures given at the College was sold in 30.000 copies over three years.
  • Observations on injuries of the spine and of the thigh bone; in two lectures.
    London 1824.
  • The Nervous System of the Human Body. Embracing the Papers Delivered to the Royal Society on the Subject of the Nerves.
    London, 1824.2nd edition, London, Longmans, 1830. 3rd edition, London, Spottiswode, 1844.
    Translated into German by Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873).
    Records Bell's demonstration that the fifth cranial nerve has a sensory motor function, his discovery of "Bell's nerve" and the motor nerve of the face, lesion of which causes facial paralysis (Bell's palsy). Bell was preceded in some of these discoveries by Mayo. Also includes the first description of myotonia.
  • Appendix to the Papers on the Nerves, Republished from the Royal Society’s Transactions.
    Includes revisions of papers first published in Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society. London, 1827.
    French translation by Jean-Louis Genest: Exposition du système naturel des nerfs. Paris, 1827.
    German by Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873), Berlin, 1832, 1835, 1836.
  • Bridgwater Treatise IV: The Hand; its Mechanism and Vital Endowment, as Evincing Design.
    London 1833; 2nd edition, 1834; 5th edition, 1852.
    American edition, Philadelphia 1836; New York, 1840
    German translation by Herm. Hanff, Stuttgart, 1836.
  • Illustration of Paley’s Natural Theology etc.
    Written with Lord Brougham. London, 1835.
    Referring to Natural Theology (1802) by the English Anglican priest and Utilitarian philosopher William Paley (1743-1805).
  • Institutes of Surgery Arranged in the Order of the Lectures Delivered in the University of Edinburgh. 2 volumes, Edinburgh, 1838; Philadelphia, 1840, 1843.
    German translation C. A. Mörer with a preface by Carl Ferdinand von Graefe (1787-1840), 2 parts, Berlin, 1838.
  • Practical Essays. 2 volumes, Edinburgh, 1841, 1842.
    German translation by Bengel, Tübingen, 1842.
  • Of the nerves which associate the muscles of the chest in the action of breathing, speaking , and expression etc.
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 1822.
  • On the motions of the eye, in illustration of the uses of the muscles and nerves of the orbit.
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 1923.
  • Second part of the paper on the nerves of the orbit.
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 1823.
  • On the nervous circle which connects the voluntary muscles with the brain.
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 1824. Biographical
  • Herbert Mayo (1796-1852):
    Anatomical and physiological commentaries.
    Number I and II [All published]. London, T. & G. Underwood, 1822, 1823.
    Mayo discovered and described the functions of the Vth and VIIth cranial nerves on pp. 107-120 of Number I, and did much towards the clarifications of the idea of reflex action. Reprinted, Metuchen, N. J. Scarecrow Press, 1975.
  • Alexander Shaw (1894-1890):
    Narrative of the Discoveries of Sir Charles Bell in the Nervous System.
    London, 1839. On Sir Charles Bell's Classification of the Nerves.
  • Amédée Pichot:
    The Life and Labours of Sir Charles Bell. London, Bentley, 1860.
  • Sir G. Gordon-Taylor, E. W. Ealls:
    Sir Charles Bell: His life and times. Edinburgh, E & S Livingstone, 1953.
  • August Hirsch (1817-1894), publisher:
    Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte aller Zeiten und Völker.
    2nd edition. Berlin, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1929.
    First published in 6 volumes 1884-1888. 3rd edition, München 1962.
  • E. W. Walls:
    Sir Charles Bell. British Medical Journal, 1959, 2: 488.
  • L. M. Zimmerman and Veith:
    Great Ideas in the History of Surgery. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1961.
  • Familiar Medical Quotations.
    Edited y Maurice B. Strauss. Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1968.
  • Charles Coulston Gillispie, editor in chief:
    Dictionary of Scientific Biographies. Charles Scribner’s Sons. New York, 1970.
  • The Founders of Neurology.
    Compiled and edited by Webb Haymaker and Francis Schiller.
    Springfield, Illinois, Charles C. Thomas. 2nd edition. 1970.
  • Heirs of Hippocrates. Friends of the University of Iowa Libraries. Iowas City, 1980
  • Encyclopædica Britannica.
  • Barry G. Firkin and Judith A. Whitworth:
    Dictionary of Medical Eponyms.
    The Parthenon Publishing Group. 1989. New edition in 2002.
  • Richard Toellner:
    Illustrierte Geschichte der Medizin.
    Andreas & Andreas Verlag, Salzburg, 1990.
    Original title: Histoire de la Médicine, de la Pharmacie, de l'Art Dentaire et de l'Art V'et'erinaire. Paris 1978.
  • Tomas Gejrot:
    Charles Bell. Kirurgen vid Waterloo som ble banbrytare inom neurologin.
    Läkartidningen, Stockholm, 1989, 86 (52).
    In the series: Mannen bakom syndromet [The Man Behind the Syndrome].
  • Jeremy M. Norman, editor:
    Morton’s Medical Bibliography. An annotated Check-list of Texts Illustrating the History of Medicine (Garrison and Morton).
    Fifth edition. Scolar Press, 1991.

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