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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek - bibliography

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Dutch textile merchant, natural scientist and microscopist, born October 24, 1632, Osteeinde von Delft; died August 26, 1723, Delft.


  • A Specimen of some Observations Made by a Microscope.
    This work by Leeuwenhoek on mould fungus was presented to the Royal Society by Regnier de Graaf.
  • Microscopical observations concerning blood, milk, bones, the brain, spittle, and cuticula.
    Philosophical Transactions, 1674, 9: 121-128. First really accurate description of the red corpuscles, which Swammerdam had noted in 1658. An abstract of a letter . . . Sep. 17, 1683. containing some microscopical observations, about animals in the scurf of the teeth.
    Philosophical Transactions, 1684, 14: 568-574.
    Records discovery of bacteria in the mouth, with the first illustrations of the basic types – cocci, bacteria and spiral forms. Although Leeuwenhoek had observed bacteria earlier, this paper has usually been considered to be the first memoir on bacteria.
  • Ontdeckte onsightbaarhede. Leiden 1684-1686.
    The Dutch edition of a number of letters to the Royal Society of London.
  • Anatomica seu interiora rerum. Leiden 1687.
  • Continuatio epistolarum. Leiden 1689.
  • Ontledingen en ontdekkingen. 6 volumes.
    Leiden, Delft, 1693-1718.
    A collection in Dutch of many contributions sent by van Leeuwenhoek to the Royal Society of London and first published in English translation in Philosophical Transactions.
  • Arcana naturae detecta. Delft 1695.
  • Alle Zijne natuurkundige werken. 4 volumes, Delft, 1696.
    Comprising most of his letters to the Royal Society 1673-1723.
  • Continuatio naturae detectorum. Delft 1697.
    Leeuwenhoek first described the individual plant cell, the individual striped muscle cell, spermatozoa, red corpuscles,a and the crystalline lens of the eye. These works are richly illustrated with Leeuwenhoeks drawings, which are of fundamental importance to histologic anatomy.
  • Opera omnia s. Arcana naturae ope exactissimorum microscopiorum delecta.
    Leyden, 1722.
  • Sendbrieve aan de Heeren van de koninglijke societeit te London en andre geleerde luyden over verscheyde verborgenheden der natur.
    5 volumes, Leyden and delft, 1687.
    Latin translation, Delft, 1719.
    Letters to the Royal Society. 10 volumes of his collected letters have been published in Dutch and English. (Lisse, Swets & Zeitlinger, 1939-1979).
  • Clifford Dobell:
    Antony van Leeuwenhoek and his “little animals”. London, 1932.

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