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Sir William Richard Gowers - bibliography

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British neurologist, born March 20, 1845, London; died May 4, 1915, London.


  • Athetosis and posthemiplegic disorders of movement.
    Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, London, 1876.
  • The state of the arteries in Bright's disease.
    British Medical Journal, London, 1876, 2: 743-745.
    Reproduced in Willius & Keys. Cardiac Classics, 1941, pp. 605-611.
  • The changes in the nerve centres in hydrophobia.
    Pathological Transactions, 1877.
  • Manual and Atlas of Medical Ophthalmoscopy.
    London, 1879; 2nd edition, 1882.
  • Syphilitic neuroses. British Medical Journal, London, 1879.
  • Pseudohypertrophic muscular paralysis. 1879.
  • An apparatus for the clinical estimation of haemoglobin.
    Transactions of the Clinical Society of London, 1879, 12: 64-67.
    Gowers introduced the acalorimetric method of estimating haemoglobin and devised a haemoglobinometer for the pupose. This was modified by John Scott Haldane (1860-1936). Previously the German physician Ernst Felix Immanuel Hoppe-Seyler (1825-1895) had used a haematinometer.
  • The diagnosis of diseases of the spinal cord etc.
    London, J. & A. Churchill, 1880, 3rd edition, 1883; translated into French and Russian.
  • Epilepsy and other chronic convulsive diseases; their cause etc.
    London, J. &. A. Churchill, 1881; translated into French.
  • Syphilitic diseases of the nervous system (Hill and Cooper's Syphilis).
  • Hypertrophy. In Sir John Russel Reynolds ( 1828-1896), publisher: System of Medicine. 1871.
  • Dilatation and fatty degernation of the heart.
    In Reynold's System of medicine.
  • Leucocythaemia. In Reynold's System of medicine.
  • Diseases of the walls of the heart. In Reynold's System of medicine.
  • Hodkin's disease. In Reynold's System of medicine.
  • Lectures on the diagnosis of disease of the brain.
    London, J. & A. Churchill, 1885.
  • A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System.
    2 volumes. London, J. & A. Churchill, 1886-1888.
    German edition by Karl Grube: Handbuch der Nervenkrankheiten. 2 volumes (XI + 612 pages and VIII + 578 pages), Bonn, 1892.
  • A case of tumor of the spinal cord. Removal; recovery.
    With Sir Victor Horsley (1857-1916).
    Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, London, 1888, 71: 377-430.
    Records the first successful operation for the removal of an extramedullary tumour of the spinal cord.
  • Syphilitic diseases of the nervous system. 1890.
  • Epilepsie. German edition by M. Weiss. Leipzig/Wien, 1902. X + 336 pages.
  • Paralysis agitans.
    For Thomas Clifford Allbutt (1836-1925), Sir Humphrey Davy Rolleston (1862-1944): The System of Medicine, 11 volumes, London 1905-1911.
  • Subjective sensations of sight and sound, abiotrophy and other lectures.
    London, 1904.
  • The border-land of epilepsy. Faints, vagal, attacks, vertigo, migraine, sleep symptoms, and their treatment.
    London, J. &. A. Churchill, 1907. Gowers published the 8th edition of Quain's Anatomy of the brain and of the spinal cord.
  • MacDonald Critchley:
    Sir William Gower, 1845-1915. A Biographical Appreciation.
    London, William Heinemann, 1949. Contains complete bibliography.
We thank Rudolf Kleinert, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, for information submitted.

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